How to format your references using the The IES Journal Part A: Civil & Structural Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The IES Journal Part A: Civil & Structural Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holden, C. 2000. “DIVERSITY: Parity as a Goal Sparks Bitter Battle.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 289 (5478): 380.
A journal article with 2 authors
Watrin, Erwan, and Jan-Michael Peters. 2007. “Molecular Biology. How and When the Genome Sticks Together.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317 (5835): 209–210.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ho Choi, Seong, Bongsoo Kim, and C. Daniel Frisbie. 2008. “Electrical Resistance of Long Conjugated Molecular Wires.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 320 (5882): 1482–1486.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Abujarour, Ramzey, Bahram Valamehr, Megan Robinson, Betsy Rezner, Florin Vranceanu, and Peter Flynn. 2013. “Optimized Surface Markers for the Prospective Isolation of High-Quality HiPSCs Using Flow Cytometry Selection.” Scientific Reports 3 (January): 1179.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kenett, Ron S., Shelemyahu Zacks, and Daniele Amberti. 2013. Modern Industrial Statistics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kusuoka, S., and T. Maruyama, eds. 2009. Advances in Mathematical Economics. Vol. 12. Advance in Mathematical Economics. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Sarma, Saurabh Jyoti, Gurpreet Singh Dhillon, Krishnamoorthy Hegde, Satinder Kaur Brar, and Mausam Verma. 2014. “Utilization of Agro-Industrial Waste for the Production of Aroma Compounds and Fragrances.” In Biotransformation of Waste Biomass into High Value Biochemicals, edited by Satinder Kaur Brar, Gurpreet Singh Dhillon, and Carlos Ricardo Soccol, 99–115. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The IES Journal Part A: Civil & Structural Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “You Probably Haven’t Heard Of These Five Amazing Women Scientists – So Pay Attention.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Federal Aviation Administration: Viability of Current Funding Structure for Aviation Activities and Observations on Funding Provisions of Reauthorization Proposals. GAO-07-1104T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ponder, Stan. 2010. “Parent Information Nights: An Elementary School Principal’s Search to Increase Parent Input and Affect the Learning-at-Home Environment.” Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, Sophia, and Roslyn Sulcas. 2015. “Acid Attack Victim to Leave the Bolshoi.” New York Times, July 31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holden 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Holden 2000; Watrin and Peters 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Watrin and Peters 2007)
  • Three authors: (Ho Choi, Kim, and Frisbie 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Abujarour et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe IES Journal Part A: Civil & Structural Engineering
ISSN (print)1937-3260
ISSN (online)1937-3279
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Computational Mechanics
Mechanical Engineering

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