How to format your references using the Thérapie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Thérapie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Graves JAM. Genomics. Recycling the Y chromosome. Science 2005;307:50–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Apostolou E, Hochedlinger K. Chromatin dynamics during cellular reprogramming. Nature 2013;502:462–71.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ye Y, Meyer HH, Rapoport TA. The AAA ATPase Cdc48/p97 and its partners transport proteins from the ER into the cytosol. Nature 2001;414:652–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Weinrauch Y, Drujan D, Shapiro SD, Weiss J, Zychlinsky A. Neutrophil elastase targets virulence factors of enterobacteria. Nature 2002;417:91–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pohanish RP. HazMat Data. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Cokkinos DV, Pantos C, Heusch G, Taegtmeyer H, editors. Myocardial Ischemia: From mechanisms to therapeutic potentials. vol. 21. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Priesterjahn C, Steenken D, Tichy M. Timed Hazard Analysis of Self-healing Systems. In: Cámara J, Lemos R de, Ghezzi C, Lopes A, editors. Assurances for Self-Adaptive Systems: Principles, Models, and Techniques, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 112–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Thérapie.

Blog post
Fang J. 101 Butterfly Genomes Explain Monarch Migration Prowess. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. International Space Station: Significant Challenges May Limit Onboard Research. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Perry EM. Live and let live: Negotiating difference in a diverse urban neighborhood. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. The End of Innocence. New York Times 2001:141.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThérapie
ISSN (print)0040-5957
ScopePharmacology (medical)

Other styles