How to format your references using the Technical Innovations & Patient Support in Radiation Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Technical Innovations & Patient Support in Radiation Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Diringer E. Climate policy: letting go of Kyoto. Nature 2011;479:291–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Kosten S, Lacerot G. Life in science. It takes a village. Science 2009;324:1265.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Kelber A, Balkenius A, Warrant EJ. Scotopic colour vision in nocturnal hawkmoths. Nature 2002;419:922–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Lippmann ES, Al-Ahmad A, Azarin SM, Palecek SP, Shusta EV. A retinoic acid-enhanced, multicellular human blood-brain barrier model derived from stem cell sources. Sci Rep 2014;4:4160.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Rigby KA. Aircraft Systems Integration of Air-Launched Weapons. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Sassa K, Fukuoka H, Wang F, Wang G, editors. Progress in Landslide Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Kalašová A, Mikulski J, Kubíková S. The Impact of Intelligent Transport Systems on an Accident Rate of the Chosen Part of Road Communication Network in the Slovak Republic. In: Mikulski J, editor. Challenge of Transport Telematics: 16th International Conference on Transport Systems Telematics, TST 2016, Katowice-Ustroń, Poland, March 16–19, 2016, Selected Papers, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 47–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Technical Innovations & Patient Support in Radiation Oncology.

Blog post
[1]
Hamilton K. Mummified Bodies In Hungarian Crypt Tell Tale of Tuberculosis. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/mummified-bodies-hungarian-crypt-tell-tale-tuberculosis/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Insurance Regulation: The Insurance Regulatory Information System Needs Improvement. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Bornmann JW. Becoming soldiers: Army Basic Training and the negotiation of identity. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
George N. Red and Black. New York Times 2013:BR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTechnical Innovations & Patient Support in Radiation Oncology
ISSN (print)2405-6324
Scope

Other styles