How to format your references using the Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fisher DE. Secret to marital bliss? Science 2000;290:936b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shin DS, Tainer JA. Molecular biology: DNA repair without flipping out. Nature 2015;527:168–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martignoli S, Gomez F, Stoop R. Pitch sensation involves stochastic resonance. Sci Rep 2013;3:2676.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lee CH, Kim J-H, Zou C, Cho IS, Weisse JM, Nemeth W, et al. Peel-and-stick: mechanism study for efficient fabrication of flexible/transparent thin-film electronics. Sci Rep 2013;3:2917.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dickson EFG. Personal Protective Equipment for Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Hazards. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Cleveland HH, Harris KS, Wiebe RP, editors. Substance Abuse Recovery in College: Community Supported Abstinence. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang J. Family and Autonomy: Towards Shared Medical Decision-Making in Light of Confucianism. In: Fan R, editor. Family-Oriented Informed Consent: East Asian and American Perspectives, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 63–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Marine Parks And Fishery Management: What’s The Best Way To Protect Fish? IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. School Vouchers: Characteristics of Privately Funded Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nelson PT. Sound as a gateway to a personal relationship with nature. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J. Robert A. Wilson, 94; Ran a Haven for Poets. New York Times 2016:D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTaiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
AbbreviationTaiwan. J. Obstet. Gynecol.
ISSN (print)1028-4559
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

Other styles