How to format your references using the Systems Science & Control Engineering: An Open Access Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Systems Science & Control Engineering: An Open Access Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Slack, J. M. W. (2008). Origin of stem cells in organogenesis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5907), 1498–1501.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ravi, M., & Chan, S. W. L. (2010). Haploid plants produced by centromere-mediated genome elimination. Nature, 464(7288), 615–618.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bandfield, J. L., Glotch, T. D., & Christensen, P. R. (2003). Spectroscopic identification of carbonate minerals in the martian dust. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5636), 1084–1087.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Leduc, G., Vidal, L., Tachikawa, K., Rostek, F., Sonzogni, C., Beaufort, L., & Bard, E. (2007). Moisture transport across Central America as a positive feedback on abrupt climatic changes. Nature, 445(7130), 908–911.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mahlberg, R., Gilles, A., & Läsch, A. (2004). Hämatologie. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Armenio, V., & Sarkar, S. (Eds.). (2005). Environmental Stratified Flows (Vol. 479). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rakowski, S., Eckert, P., & Witt, A. (2012). Engine Combustion. In G. P. Merker, C. Schwarz, & R. Teichmann (Eds.), Combustion Engines Development: Mixture Formation, Combustion, Emissions and Simulation (pp. 119–168). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Systems Science & Control Engineering: An Open Access Journal.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, June 16). UK Public Health Experts Call For Drug Use To Be Decriminalized. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Responses to Questions for the Record; Hearing on the Future of Air Traffic Control Modernization (GAO-07-928R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tucker, C. M. (2010). End-stage renal disease patients and dialysis: Can consistent transportation influence quality of life and treatment compliance? A grant writing project [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001, January 14). Cafe Borgia, Like Its Beat Heyday And Lucrezia Herself, Is History. New York Times, 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Slack, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Ravi & Chan, 2010; Slack, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ravi & Chan, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Bandfield et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Leduc et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleSystems Science & Control Engineering: An Open Access Journal
ISSN (online)2164-2583

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