How to format your references using the Systems Science & Control Engineering: An Open Access Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Systems Science & Control Engineering: An Open Access Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McGilvray, A. (2014). Research assessment: the limits of excellence. Nature, 511(7510), S64-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Huang, Z. J., & Luo, L. (2015). NEUROSCIENCE. It takes the world to understand the brain. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6256), 42–44.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fabiańska, J., Kassier, G., & Feurer, T. (2014). Split ring resonator based THz-driven electron streak camera featuring femtosecond resolution. Scientific Reports, 4, 5645.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Schmidt-Mende, L., Fechtenkötter, A., Müllen, K., Moons, E., Friend, R. H., & MacKenzie, J. D. (2001). Self-organized discotic liquid crystals for high-efficiency organic photovoltaics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5532), 1119–1122.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Briffaut, J.-P. (2015). E-Enabled Operations Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Benzaouia, A. (2016). Two-Dimensional Systems: From Introduction to State of the Art. (A. Hmamed & F. Tadeo, Eds.) (1st ed. 2016, Vol. 28). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Blasco-Fontecilla, H. (2016). The Addiction to Suicidal Behavior. In P. Courtet (Ed.), Understanding Suicide: From Diagnosis to Personalized Treatment (pp. 53–61). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Systems Science & Control Engineering: An Open Access Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 14). Upcoming Battery Will Charge Phones And Electric Cars in Minutes. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1984). Costs of Government Funded Trips for Invitees To Attend Space Shuttle Launches at Kennedy Space Center, Florida (No. NSIAD-84-77). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Song, X. (2015). A New Estimating Equation Based Approach for Secondary Trait Analyses in Genetic Case-control Studies (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M. (2017, July 4). A Last Wish From Albee: Destroy Work Left Undone. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McGilvray, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Huang & Luo, 2015; McGilvray, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Huang & Luo, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Fabiańska, Kassier, & Feurer, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Schmidt-Mende et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleSystems Science & Control Engineering: An Open Access Journal
ISSN (online)2164-2583

Other styles