How to format your references using the Systems & Control Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Systems & Control Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G.C. Brown, Cell biology. NO says yes to mitochondria, Science. 299 (2003) 838–839.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. Huybers, C. Wunsch, Obliquity pacing of the late Pleistocene glacial terminations, Nature. 434 (2005) 491–494.
A journal article with 3 authors
Z.X. Luo, R.L. Cifelli, Z. Kielan-Jaworowska, Dual origin of tribosphenic mammals, Nature. 409 (2001) 53–57.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.G.B. Derraik, M. de Bock, P.L. Hofman, W.S. Cutfield, Increasing BMI is associated with a progressive reduction in physical quality of life among overweight middle-aged men, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 3677.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.Y.F. Lau, An Introduction to Critical Thinking and Creativity, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
A. Mozayani, C. Noziglia, eds., The Forensic Laboratory Handbook: Procedures and Practice, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
X. Sun, Construction Data Mining Information Management System Based on FCA and Ontology, in: D. Jin, S. Lin (Eds.), Advances in Electronic Engineering, Communication and Management Vol.1: Proceedings of 2011 International Conference on Electronic Engineering, Communication and Management(EECM 2011), Held on December 24-25, 2011, Beijing, China, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 19–24.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Systems & Control Letters.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Scientists Are On A Mission To Protect Curly Hair From Heat Damage, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Radiation Exposure from Diagnostic X-Rays Could Be Reduced, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B.R. Baker, Schizophrenia-spectrum behavior and peer responses to individuals with social anhedonia, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Billard, Scouting Report, New York Times. (2010) E7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSystems & Control Letters
AbbreviationSyst. Control Lett.
ISSN (print)0167-6911
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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