How to format your references using the Systems & Control Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Systems & Control Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Wagner, Microbiology: Conductive consortia, Nature. 526 (2015) 513–514.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.C. Queller, J.E. Strassmann, The many selves of social insects, Science. 296 (2002) 311–313.
A journal article with 3 authors
B. Baer, S.A.O. Armitage, J.J. Boomsma, Sperm storage induces an immunity cost in ants, Nature. 441 (2006) 872–875.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Lin, B. Fu, J. Guo, Q. Zeng, G. Dang, W. He, Y. Zhao, Co-seismic strike-slip and rupture length produced by the 2001 Ms 8.1 Central Kunlun earthquake, Science. 296 (2002) 2015–2017.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.-F. Aubry, N. Brinzei, M.-H. Mazouni, Systems Dependability Assessment, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
O. Ratib, M. Schwaiger, T. Beyer, eds., Atlas of PET/MR Imaging in Oncology, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
D.K. Wallace, Amblyopia, in: M.E. Wilson, R.H. Trivedi, R.A. Saunders (Eds.), Pediatric Ophthalmology: Current Thought and A Practical Guide, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 33–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Systems & Control Letters.

Blog post
K. Evans, Here’s What Earth Might Look Like In 100 Years — If We’re Lucky, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Transportation Infrastructure: Central Artery/Tunnel Project Faces Financial Uncertainties, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.L. Conill, Dosimetric consequences of the parotid glands using CT-to-CBCT deformable registration during IMRT for late stage head and neck cancers, Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Apuzzo, M. Rosenberg, Sessions May Be Asked About Reports of Meeting, New York Times. (2017) A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSystems & Control Letters
AbbreviationSyst. Control Lett.
ISSN (print)0167-6911
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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