How to format your references using the Surface Topography: Metrology and Properties citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Surface Topography: Metrology and Properties. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Meyer M N 2014 Misjudgements will drive social trials underground Nature 511 265
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Bao J and Bawendi M G 2015 A colloidal quantum dot spectrometer Nature 523 67–70
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Chandra P, Coleman P and Flint R 2013 Hastatic order in the heavy-fermion compound URu2Si2 Nature 493 621–6
A journal article with 99 or more authors
[1]
Estévez R, Boettger T, Stein V, Birkenhäger R, Otto E, Hildebrandt F and Jentsch T J 2001 Barttin is a Cl- channel beta-subunit crucial for renal Cl- reabsorption and inner ear K+ secretion Nature 414 558–61

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Cooper J D 2016 Soil Water Measurement (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
[1]
Hatcliff J and Zucca E 2010 Formal Techniques for Distributed Systems: Joint 12th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, FMOODS 2010 and 30th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, FORTE 2010, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 7-9, 2010. Proceedings vol 6117 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Mernier A 2012 The Possible Role of the Energy Charter in Advancing Energy for Development in Africa Energy for Development: Resources, Technologies, Environment Environment & Policy ed F L Toth (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands) pp 57–62

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Surface Topography: Metrology and Properties.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T 2015 Stunning Drone Footage Of A Paddleboarder’s Encounter With Two Whales IFLScience

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office 1993 Space Station: Information on National Security Applications and Cost (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Cisewski J 2012 Generalized fiducial inference for mixed linear models Doctoral dissertation (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly C 2007 Instant Fortunes, and Sudden Headaches New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSurface Topography: Metrology and Properties
AbbreviationSurf. Topogr.
ISSN (online)2051-672X
Scope

Other styles