How to format your references using the Studies in History and Philosophy of Biol & Biomed Sci citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studies in History and Philosophy of Biol & Biomed Sci. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harte, J. (2008). An ecologist notes that important details are missing from climate-change models. Nature, 454(7208), 1033.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lu, P. J., & Steinhardt, P. J. (2007). Decagonal and quasi-crystalline tilings in medieval Islamic architecture. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5815), 1106–1110.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kawase, H., Okata, Y., & Ito, K. (2013). Role of huge geometric circular structures in the reproduction of a marine pufferfish. Scientific Reports, 3, 2106.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Matsuo, Y., Imagawa, H., Nishizawa, M., & Shizuri, Y. (2005). Isolation of an algal morphogenesis inducer from a marine bacterium. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5715), 1598.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Young, M. R. (2013). Financial Fraud Prevention and Detection. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zeng, D. (Ed.). (2012). Advances in Computer Science and Engineering (Vol. 141). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Deng, J., Chen, Z., & Nath, R. (2009). Impact of Kilo-Voltage Cone Beam Computed Tomography on Image-Guided Radiotherapy of Prostate Cancer. In O. Dössel & W. C. Schlegel (Eds.), World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, September 7 - 12, 2009, Munich, Germany: Vol. 25/1 Radiation Oncology (pp. 17–20). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studies in History and Philosophy of Biol & Biomed Sci.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, January 13). SpaceX Reveals Plan To Simultaneously Land Three Rocket Boosters On The Ground. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Federal Research: Superconducting Super Collider’s Total Estimated Cost Will Exceed $11 Billion (T-RCED-93-57). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Royalty, A. R. (2015). U.S. Military Advisors in Iraq: A Phenomenological Research Study on the Role of National Culture on Tactical Decision-making during Wartime [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, N. D. (2011, February 8). A Seer on Banks Raises a Furor on Bonds. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harte, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Harte, 2008; Lu & Steinhardt, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lu & Steinhardt, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Kawase et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Matsuo et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudies in History and Philosophy of Biol & Biomed Sci
AbbreviationStud. Hist. Philos. Biol. Biomed. Sci.
ISSN (print)1369-8486
History and Philosophy of Science
General Medicine

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