How to format your references using the Studies in History and Philosophy of Biol & Biomed Sci citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studies in History and Philosophy of Biol & Biomed Sci. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dietl, G. P. (2016). Ecology: Different worlds. Nature, 529(7584), 29–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maser, R. S., & DePinho, R. A. (2002). Connecting chromosomes, crisis, and cancer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5581), 565–569.
A journal article with 3 authors
Laskar, J., Levrard, B., & Mustard, J. F. (2002). Orbital forcing of the martian polar layered deposits. Nature, 419(6905), 375–377.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, L., Gan, Z., McCartney, M. R., Liang, H., Yu, H., Gao, Y., … Smith, D. J. (2013). Atomic configurations at InAs partial dislocation cores associated with Z-shape faulted dipoles. Scientific Reports, 3, 3229.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Holmes, J. D. (2016). Great Myths of Education and Learning. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Werner, D., & Newton, W. E. (Eds.). (2005). Nitrogen Fixation in Agriculture, Forestry, Ecology, and the Environment (Vol. 4). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Campi, A., Ceri, S., Maesani, A., & Ronchi, S. (2010). Designing Service Marts for Engineering Search Computing Applications. In B. Benatallah, F. Casati, G. Kappel, & G. Rossi (Eds.), Web Engineering: 10th International Conference, ICWE 2010, Vienna Austria, July 5-9, 2010. Proceedings (pp. 50–65). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studies in History and Philosophy of Biol & Biomed Sci.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, November 24). Thunderstorm In Australia Sparks Thousands Of Asthma Attacks and Kills Four People. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Space Transportation: Status of the X-33 Reusable Launch Vehicle Program (No. NSIAD-99-176). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Angell, B. D. (2017). Transformational Innovation and Transformational Leadership in the U.S. Government Department of Defense Acquisitions Workforce (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2016, February 12). Valentines, Vengeful and Comic, Through an Antique Lens. New York Times, p. C28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dietl, 2016).
This sentence cites two references (Dietl, 2016; Maser & DePinho, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maser & DePinho, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Laskar, Levrard, & Mustard, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Li et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudies in History and Philosophy of Biol & Biomed Sci
AbbreviationStud. Hist. Philos. Biol. Biomed. Sci.
ISSN (print)1369-8486
History and Philosophy of Science
General Medicine

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