How to format your references using the Stochastic Partial Differential Equations: Analysis and Computations citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stochastic Partial Differential Equations: Analysis and Computations. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ferster, D.: Neuroscience. Blocking plasticity in the visual cortex. Science. 303, 1619–1621 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
Ikegami, T., Ganesh, G.: Watching novice action degrades expert motor performance: causation between action production and outcome prediction of observed actions by humans. Sci. Rep. 4, 6989 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Turner, A.H., Makovicky, P.J., Norell, M.A.: Feather quill knobs in the dinosaur Velociraptor. Science. 317, 1721 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim, K.H., Späh, A., Pathak, H., Perakis, F., Mariedahl, D., Amann-Winkel, K., Sellberg, J.A., Lee, J.H., Kim, S., Park, J., Nam, K.H., Katayama, T., Nilsson, A.: Response to Comment on “Maxima in the thermodynamic response and correlation functions of deeply supercooled water.” Science. 360, (2018)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vander Vorst, A., Rosen, A., Kotsuka, Y.: RF/Microwave Interaction with Biological Tissues. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2005)
An edited book
Johansson, R., Rantzer, A. eds: Distributed Decision Making and Control. Springer, London (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Boyer, L., Cassagnes, L., Vernhet, H., Garcier, J.-M., Chabrot, P.: Embolization of the Pulmonary Artery. In: Chabrot, P. and Boyer, L. (eds.) Embolization. pp. 79–92. Springer, London (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stochastic Partial Differential Equations: Analysis and Computations.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: “There’s a Problem With My What?”: How Genes Get Their Names


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Space Acquisitions: Government and Industry Partners Face Substantial Challenges in Developing New DOD Space Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2009)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robinson, L.M.: Using Time-Resolved Photoluminescence Spectroscopy to Examine Exciton Dynamics in II-VI Semiconductor Nanostructures, (2001)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B.: Company Town, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStochastic Partial Differential Equations: Analysis and Computations
ISSN (print)2194-0401
ISSN (online)2194-041X

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