How to format your references using the Stem Cell Research & Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stem Cell Research & Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Campbell M. Staying power. Nature. 2007;446:468.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Buzsáki G, Draguhn A. Neuronal oscillations in cortical networks. Science. 2004;304:1926–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Mignot T, Merlie JP Jr, Zusman DR. Regulated pole-to-pole oscillations of a bacterial gliding motility protein. Science. 2005;310:855–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wu J, Xu J, Liu B, Yao G, Wang P, Lin Z, et al. Publisher Correction: Chromatin analysis in human early development reveals epigenetic transition during ZGA. Nature. 2018;560:E27.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Arboleda H, Royer J-C. Model-Driven and Software Product Line Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Čechák T, Jenkovszky L, Karpenko I, editors. Nuclear Science and Safety in Europe. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Wattanapruttipaisan T. The Topology of ASEAN FTAs, with Special Reference to IP-Related Provisions. In: Antons C, Hilty RM, editors. Intellectual Property and Free Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015. p. 109–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stem Cell Research & Therapy.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Six Mysteries Solved By Science. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Cost Control Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Nov. Report No.: T-NSIAD-98-54.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Pepper I. On the Difference between Serialism and Seriality [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Corkery M. Business Leaders Urge Trump to Keep Shield in Place. New York Times. 2017 Sep 5;A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStem Cell Research & Therapy
AbbreviationStem Cell Res. Ther.
ISSN (online)1757-6512
ScopeBiochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
Cell Biology
Molecular Medicine
Medicine (miscellaneous)

Other styles