How to format your references using the Statistika: Statistics and Economy Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistika: Statistics and Economy Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
MAYER, J.-P. All Things Being Equal. Nature, 2007, 447(7142), p. 352.
A journal article with 2 authors
KARPOWICH, N.K., WANG, D.-N. Structural Biology. Symmetric Transporters for Asymmetric Transport. Science, 2008, 321(5890), pp. 781–782.
A journal article with 3 authors
CHEN, L., DÜRR, K.L., GOUAUX, E. X-Ray Structures of AMPA Receptor-Cone Snail Toxin Complexes Illuminate Activation Mechanism. Science, 2014, 345(6200), pp. 1021–1026.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
SULLIVAN, N.J., SANCHEZ, A., ROLLIN, P.E., YANG, Z.Y., NABEL, G.J. Development of a Preventive Vaccine for Ebola Virus Infection in Primates. Nature, 2000, 408(6812), pp. 605–609.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
SOPRANO, A. Liquidity Management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
FATTA-KASSINOS, D., BESTER, K., KÜMMERER, K.eds. Xenobiotics in the Urban Water Cycle: Mass Flows, Environmental Processes, Mitigation and Treatment Strategies. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
BEIERLE, C., EICHHORN, C., KERN-ISBERNER, G. Skeptical Inference Based on C-Representations and Its Characterization as a Constraint Satisfaction Problem. In GYSSENS, SIMARI, eds. Foundations of Information and Knowledge Systems: 9th International Symposium, FoIKS 2016, Linz, Austria, March 7-11, 2016. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 65–82. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistika: Statistics and Economy Journal.

Blog post
ANDREWS, R. Newly Discovered Tarantula May Have A Terrifying Attack Method [online]. IFLScience, 2016. [cit. 30.10.2018]. <>.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE. Federal Aviation Administration: Financial Management Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
IVY, J. The Psychological Effect of Parental Incarceration on School-Age Children. Doctoral dissertation. Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
HOLLANDER, S. Leading by 21 Points, Lions Cannot Hold On. New York Times, 2002, p. 84.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mayer, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Karpowich, Wang, 2008, Mayer, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karpowich, Wang, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Sullivan et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistika: Statistics and Economy Journal
ISSN (print)0322-788x
ISSN (online)1804-8765

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