How to format your references using the Statistika: Statistics and Economy Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistika: Statistics and Economy Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
CHIANG, T. Catching Crumbs from the Table. In the Face of Metahuman Science, Humans Have Become Metascientists. Nature, 2000, 405(6786), p. 517.
A journal article with 2 authors
MULLIGAN, S.J., MACVICAR, B.A. Calcium Transients in Astrocyte Endfeet Cause Cerebrovascular Constrictions. Nature, 2004, 431(7005), pp. 195–199.
A journal article with 3 authors
KÜLHEIM, C., AGREN, J., JANSSON, S. Rapid Regulation of Light Harvesting and Plant Fitness in the Field. Science, 2002, 297(5578), pp. 91–93.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
CHIU, A.S., GEHRINGER, M.M., BRAIDY, N., GUILLEMIN, G.J., WELCH, J.H., NEILAN, B.A. Gliotoxicity of the Cyanotoxin, β-Methyl-Amino-L-Alanine (BMAA). Sci. Rep., 2013, 3, p. 1482.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
TIBERGIEN, M., POMERING, R. Practice Made (More) Perfect. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
ANDERSON, L.J., GRAHAM, B.S.eds. Challenges and Opportunities for Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccines. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
CUDE, B.J., KABACI, M.J. Financial Education for College Students. In LAMDIN, ed. Consumer Knowledge and Financial Decisions: Lifespan Perspectives, pp. 49–66. New York, NY: Springer, 2012.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistika: Statistics and Economy Journal.

Blog post
ANDREW, E. Ford Develops Smart Headlights To Make Driving At Night Safer [online]. IFLScience, 2015. [cit. 30.10.2018]. <>.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE. Contracts Awarded to Aero Spacelines, Inc., for Airlift Outsized Cargo. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
AMIN, R.M. Detecting Targeted Malicious Email through Supervised Classification of Persistent Threat and Recipient Oriented Features. Doctoral dissertation. Washington, DC: George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
TOMASKY, M. The Silence of the Democrats. New York Times, 2017, p. A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chiang, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Chiang, 2000, Mulligan, MacVicar, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mulligan, MacVicar, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Chiu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistika: Statistics and Economy Journal
ISSN (print)0322-788x
ISSN (online)1804-8765

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