How to format your references using the Statistical Methods & Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistical Methods & Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grayson M (2010) Nutrigenomics. Nature 468:S1
A journal article with 2 authors
Leeb M, Wutz A (2011) Derivation of haploid embryonic stem cells from mouse embryos. Nature 479:131–134
A journal article with 3 authors
Javaux EJ, Knoll AH, Walter MR (2001) Morphological and ecological complexity in early eukaryotic ecosystems. Nature 412:66–69
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hayashi K, Matsuishi S, Kamiya T, et al (2002) Light-induced conversion of an insulating refractory oxide into a persistent electronic conductor. Nature 419:462–465

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Menk FW, Waters CL (2013) Magnetoseismology. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Li S, Saddik AE, Wang M, et al (eds) (2013) Advances in Multimedia Modeling: 19th International Conference, MMM 2013, Huangshan, China, January 7-9, 2013, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Chortaras A, Stamou G, Stafylopatis A (2006) Adaptation of Weighted Fuzzy Programs. In: Kollias S, Stafylopatis A, Duch W, Oja E (eds) Artificial Neural Networks – ICANN 2006: 16th International Conference, Athens, Greece, September 10-14, 2006. Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 45–54

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistical Methods & Applications.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) The Entire San Andreas Fault Could Rupture During The “Big One.” In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Department of Education: Improved Dissemination and Timely Product Release Would Enhance the Usefulness of the What Works Clearinghouse. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mayorga J (2009) MSW students’ perception of mental health competence. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Erlanger S (2017) ‘Brexit’ Talks Open in Brussels, With a Mountain for Britain and Europe to Climb. New York Times A9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grayson 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Grayson 2010; Leeb and Wutz 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leeb and Wutz 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Hayashi et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistical Methods & Applications
AbbreviationStat. Methods Appt.
ISSN (print)1618-2510
ISSN (online)1613-981X
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Statistics and Probability

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