How to format your references using the Statistical Methods & Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistical Methods & Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greene B (2010) Q&A: Brian Greene on music and string theory. Nature 465:426
A journal article with 2 authors
Wallenfang MR, Matunis E (2003) Developmental biology. Orienting stem cells. Science 301:1490–1491
A journal article with 3 authors
Amselem E, Sadiq M, Bourennane M (2013) Experimental bound entanglement through a Pauli channel. Sci Rep 3:1966
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hiddingh L, Raktoe RS, Jeuken J, et al (2014) Identification of temozolomide resistance factors in glioblastoma via integrative miRNA/mRNA regulatory network analysis. Sci Rep 4:5260

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tibergien M, Pomering R (2011) Practice Made (More) Perfect. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Liukkunen U, Chen Y (eds) (2016) Fundamental Labour Rights in China - Legal Implementation and Cultural Logic, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Gaestel M (2006) Molecular Chaperones in Signal Transduction. In: Starke K, Gaestel M (eds) Molecular Chaperones in Health and Disease. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 93–109

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistical Methods & Applications.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Why Do Dogs Like To Smell Butts So Much? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Aviation Security: Transportation Security Administration Has Strengthened Planning to Guide Investments in Key Aviation Security Programs, but More Work Remains. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alla B (2017) Wellbore Stability Analysis of Sanish Field using 3-D Finite Element Model: Bakken Case Study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J (2017) ‘I Didn’t Move Here to Avoid Chaos.’ New York Times MB1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greene 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Wallenfang and Matunis 2003; Greene 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wallenfang and Matunis 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Hiddingh et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistical Methods & Applications
AbbreviationStat. Methods Appt.
ISSN (print)1618-2510
ISSN (online)1613-981X
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Statistics and Probability

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