How to format your references using the Statistical Inference for Stochastic Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistical Inference for Stochastic Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bilham R (2005) A flying start, then a slow slip. Science 308:1126–1127
A journal article with 2 authors
Forte AM, Mitrovica JX (2001) Deep-mantle high-viscosity flow and thermochemical structure inferred from seismic and geodynamic data. Nature 410:1049–1056
A journal article with 3 authors
Zou H, Zindler A, Niu Y (2002) Constraints on melt movement beneath the East Pacific Rise from 230Th-238U disequilibrium. Science 295:107–110
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Okamoto R, O’Brien JL, Hofmann HF, et al (2009) An entanglement filter. Science 323:483–485

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boyd RK, Basic C, Bethem RA (2008) Trace Quantitative Analysis by Mass Spectrometry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Tabata S, Stougaard J (eds) (2014) The Lotus japonicus Genome. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Bateman RP, Matthews GA, Hall FR (2007) Ground-based application equipment. In: Lacey LA, Kaya HK (eds) Field Manual of Techniques in Invertebrate Pathology: Application and Evaluation of Pathogens for Control of Insects and other Invertebrate Pests. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 73–98

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistical Inference for Stochastic Processes.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Almost 6,000 Years Of Civilization Are Shown In This Interactive Map. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Health Information Technology: DOD Needs to Provide More Information on Risks to Improve Its Program Management. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gifford SC (2013) (Re)making men, representing the Caribbean nation: Authorial individuation in works by Fred D’aguiar, Robert Antoni, and Marlon James. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu L (2017) Lessons and Interpretations on the Court Nomination Process. New York Times A13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bilham 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Forte and Mitrovica 2001; Bilham 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Forte and Mitrovica 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Okamoto et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistical Inference for Stochastic Processes
AbbreviationStat. Inference Stoch. Process.
ISSN (print)1387-0874
ISSN (online)1572-9311
ScopeStatistics and Probability

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