How to format your references using the Statistical Inference for Stochastic Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistical Inference for Stochastic Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schlütter J (2011) Prevention: Vaccine for all seasons. Nature 480:S6-8
A journal article with 2 authors
Ghabrial AS, Krasnow MA (2006) Social interactions among epithelial cells during tracheal branching morphogenesis. Nature 441:746–749
A journal article with 3 authors
Tripodi M, Stepien AE, Arber S (2011) Motor antagonism exposed by spatial segregation and timing of neurogenesis. Nature 479:61–66
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Pelletier F, Clutton-Brock T, Pemberton J, et al (2007) The evolutionary demography of ecological change: linking trait variation and population growth. Science 315:1571–1574

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murphy DB, Davidson MW (2012) Fundamentals of Light Microscopy and Electronic Imaging. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Jardri R, Cachia A, Thomas P, Pins D (eds) (2013) The Neuroscience of Hallucinations. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Dawson A, Kringos N, Scarpas T, Pavšič P (2009) Water in the Pavement Surfacing. In: Dawson A (ed) Water in Road Structures: Movement, Drainage and Effects. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 81–105

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistical Inference for Stochastic Processes.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Lions are on the brink of extinction in West Africa. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Business Systems Modernization: Internal Revenue Service Needs to Further Strengthen Program Management. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Best TF (2014) Evaluation of effectiveness, reproducibility, and repeatability of using dentition for estimating cattle age. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson K, Pilon M (2012) Marathon Organizers Offer Refund or Future Race. New York Times B18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schlütter 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Ghabrial and Krasnow 2006; Schlütter 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ghabrial and Krasnow 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Pelletier et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistical Inference for Stochastic Processes
AbbreviationStat. Inference Stoch. Process.
ISSN (print)1387-0874
ISSN (online)1572-9311
ScopeStatistics and Probability

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