How to format your references using the Statistical Inference for Stochastic Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistical Inference for Stochastic Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trivedi BP (2012) Gustatory system: the finer points of taste. Nature 486:S2-3
A journal article with 2 authors
Abbott MB, Wolfe AP (2003) Intensive pre-Incan metallurgy recorded by lake sediments from the Bolivian Andes. Science 301:1893–1895
A journal article with 3 authors
Reyners M, Eberhart-Phillips D, Stuart G (2007) The role of fluids in lower-crustal earthquakes near continental rifts. Nature 446:1075–1078
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kleijn D, Berendse F, Smit R, Gilissen N (2001) Agri-environment schemes do not effectively protect biodiversity in Dutch agricultural landscapes. Nature 413:723–725

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fiorenzani S, Ravelli S, Edoli E (2012) The Handbook of Energy Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK
An edited book
Gilbert T, Kirkilionis M, Nicolis G (eds) (2013) Proceedings of the European Conference on Complex Systems 2012. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Ponsky LE, Vricella G (2012) Prostate Surgery and the Evolution to Minimally Invasive Therapies. In: Ponsky LE, Fuller DB, Meier RM, Ma C (eds) Robotic Radiosurgery. Treating Prostate Cancer and Related Genitourinary Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 41–47

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistical Inference for Stochastic Processes.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Can Children Really Be Raised By Animals Like In “The Jungle Book”? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) District of Columbia: Planned Funding and Schedule for D.C. Public Schools’ Modernization Program Are Unrealistic. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Conner PA (2009) The STAR Math test as a predictor of Arkansas BenchmarkTest scores. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2017) Child Custody Fight May Sideline Azarenka. New York Times B7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Trivedi 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott and Wolfe 2003; Trivedi 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abbott and Wolfe 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Kleijn et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistical Inference for Stochastic Processes
AbbreviationStat. Inference Stoch. Process.
ISSN (print)1387-0874
ISSN (online)1572-9311
ScopeStatistics and Probability

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