How to format your references using the Statistical Inference for Stochastic Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistical Inference for Stochastic Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Raymond JC (2009) Astronomy. Cosmic-ray acceleration in supernova remnants. Science 325:683–684
A journal article with 2 authors
Stein RS, Toda S (2013) Geophysics. Megacity megaquakes--two near misses. Science 341:850–852
A journal article with 3 authors
Boyd R, Gintis H, Bowles S (2010) Coordinated punishment of defectors sustains cooperation and can proliferate when rare. Science 328:617–620
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Capak PL, Riechers D, Scoville NZ, et al (2011) A massive protocluster of galaxies at a redshift of z ≈ 5.3. Nature 470:233–235

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malpass DB, Band EI (2012) Introduction to Industrial Polypropylene. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Chhieng DC, Siegal GP (eds) (2005) Updates in Diagnostic Pathology. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Zeng G, Gong B, Wang JS, et al (2014) BeiDou/GPS Indirect Fusion Precision Orbit Determination. In: Sun J, Jiao W, Wu H, Lu M (eds) China Satellite Navigation Conference (CSNC) 2014 Proceedings: Volume III. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 55–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistical Inference for Stochastic Processes.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Eerie Sound Detected Coming From Rosetta’s Comet. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Highway Contracting: Disadvantaged Business Program Meets Contract Goal, but Refinements Are Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alameddine A (2013) Perceptions of executives from seven selected companies of the use of social media in marketing practices. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loomis G (2012) Changing the Formula at the Salzburg Festival. New York Times 0

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Raymond 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Raymond 2009; Stein and Toda 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stein and Toda 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Capak et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistical Inference for Stochastic Processes
AbbreviationStat. Inference Stoch. Process.
ISSN (print)1387-0874
ISSN (online)1572-9311
ScopeStatistics and Probability

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