How to format your references using the Statistical Inference for Stochastic Processes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Statistical Inference for Stochastic Processes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kazilek C (2010) SPORE series winner. Got a question? “Ask A Biologist.” Science 330:1192–1193
A journal article with 2 authors
Weaver AJ, Zwiers FW (2000) Uncertainty in climate change. Nature 407:571–572
A journal article with 3 authors
Tomishige M, Klopfenstein DR, Vale RD (2002) Conversion of Unc104/KIF1A kinesin into a processive motor after dimerization. Science 297:2263–2267
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dong C, Juedes AE, Temann UA, et al (2001) ICOS co-stimulatory receptor is essential for T-cell activation and function. Nature 409:97–101

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Iacus SM (2011) Option Pricing and Estimation of Financial Models with R. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Sabadini I, Struppa DC, Walnut DF (eds) (2005) Harmonic Analysis, Signal Processing, and Complexity: Festschrift in Honor of the 60th Birthday of Carlos A. Berenstein. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Podtelezhnikov AA, Wild DL (2012) Inferring Knowledge Based Potentials Using Contrastive Divergence. In: Hamelryck T, Mardia K, Ferkinghoff-Borg J (eds) Bayesian Methods in Structural Bioinformatics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 135–155

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Statistical Inference for Stochastic Processes.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) In A Bid For The Perfect Profile Pic, Young Men Are Increasingly Turning To Drugs. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) NASA Procurement: Improving the Management of Delegated Contract Functions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Belic B (2005) Complement Verb Variation in Present-Day Serbian. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2010) British Invasion, Only This Time It’s in Retail. New York Times E5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kazilek 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Weaver and Zwiers 2000; Kazilek 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weaver and Zwiers 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Dong et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleStatistical Inference for Stochastic Processes
AbbreviationStat. Inference Stoch. Process.
ISSN (print)1387-0874
ISSN (online)1572-9311
ScopeStatistics and Probability

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