How to format your references using the St. Petersburg Polytechnical University Journal: Physics and Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for St. Petersburg Polytechnical University Journal: Physics and Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T. Elliott, Geophysics. Caught offside, Science. 295 (2002) 55–57.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Roorda, L.J. Lewis, Comment on “The local structure of amorphous silicon,” Science. 338 (2012) 1539; author reply 1539.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.R. Schmidt, H. Dörfelt, V. Perrichot, Carnivorous fungi from Cretaceous amber, Science. 318 (2007) 1743.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Rivlin, J. Horev, I. Tsarfaty, G. Navon, Molecular imaging of tumors and metastases using chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) MRI, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3045.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. Clark, The Making of a World City, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
R. Debreceny, New Dimensions of Business Reporting and XBRL, DUV, Wiesbaden, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Ammari, H. Kang, Full Asymptotic Formula for the Potentials, in: H. Kang (Ed.), Polarization and Moment Tensors: With Applications to Inverse Problems and Effective Medium Theory, Springer, New York, NY, 2007: pp. 129–144.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for St. Petersburg Polytechnical University Journal: Physics and Mathematics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Graphene Defies Thermal Conductivity Law, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, ADP Budget: Potential Reductions to the Department of the Army’s Budget Request, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
V.J. Whitesides, The Large Ensemble/European Classical Music Paradigm and African American-Originated Dance-Musicking: A Dispositival Analysis of U.S. Secondary Music Education, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
D. Kelly, Girl Scout, New York Times. (2000) 711.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSt. Petersburg Polytechnical University Journal: Physics and Mathematics
ISSN (print)2405-7223

Other styles