How to format your references using the St. Petersburg Polytechnical University Journal: Physics and Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for St. Petersburg Polytechnical University Journal: Physics and Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
F. Westall, Evolution. Life on the early Earth: a sedimentary view, Science. 308 (2005) 366–367.
A journal article with 2 authors
I. Weygand-Durasevic, M. Ibba, Cell biology. New roles for codon usage, Science. 329 (2010) 1473–1474.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.H. Shim, K. Haule, G. Kotliar, Fluctuating valence in a correlated solid and the anomalous properties of delta-plutonium, Nature. 446 (2007) 513–516.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.L. Burch, J. Goldstein, W.S. Lewis, D.T. Young, A.J. Coates, M.K. Dougherty, N. André, Tethys and Dione as sources of outward-flowing plasma in Saturn’s magnetosphere, Nature. 447 (2007) 833–835.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Eggleston, The ICE Conditions of Contract: Seventh Edition, Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2008.
An edited book
H.T. Shen, J. Pei, M.T. Özsu, L. Zou, J. Lu, T.-W. Ling, G. Yu, Y. Zhuang, J. Shao, eds., Web-Age Information Management: WAIM 2010 International Workshops: IWGD 2010, XMLDM 2010, WCMT 2010, Jiuzhaigou Valley, China, July 15-17, 2010 Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
V.I. Arnold, V.V. Kozlov, A.I. Neishtadt, Integrable Systems and Integration Methods, in: V.V. Kozlov, A.I. Neishtadt (Eds.), Mathematical Aspects of Classical and Celestial Mechanics: Third Edition, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006: pp. 171–206.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for St. Petersburg Polytechnical University Journal: Physics and Mathematics.

Blog post
D. Andrew, What Causes Whale Mass Strandings?, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Truck Safety: Need to Better Ensure Correction of Serious Inspection Violations, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N.M. Kweider, Reading comprehension among Arabic Heritage Language Learners and the Simple View of Reading model, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Cooper, Juilliard Announces New Leader, New York Times. (2017) C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSt. Petersburg Polytechnical University Journal: Physics and Mathematics
ISSN (print)2405-7223

Other styles