# How to format your references using the Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

## Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

## Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
K. Horn, Physics. Charging atoms, one by one, Science. 305 (2004) 483–484.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
V. Maheshwari, R.F. Saraf, High-resolution thin-film device to sense texture by touch, Science. 312 (2006) 1501–1504.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
B.E. Wisse, F. Kim, M.W. Schwartz, Physiology. An integrative view of obesity, Science. 318 (2007) 928–929.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
J.W. Moreau, P.K. Weber, M.C. Martin, B. Gilbert, I.D. Hutcheon, J.F. Banfield, Extracellular proteins limit the dispersal of biogenic nanoparticles, Science. 316 (2007) 1600–1603.

## Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
S. Kwok, Organic Matter in the Universe, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2011.
An edited book
[1]
C. Hoyles, J.-B. Lagrange, eds., Mathematics Education and Technology-Rethinking the Terrain: The 17th ICMI Study, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
K. Buzzard, Computing Weight One Modular Forms over $\mathbb{C} and \overline{\mathbb{F}}_{p}$, in: G. Böckle, G. Wiese (Eds.), Computations with Modular Forms: Proceedings of a Summer School and Conference, Heidelberg, August/September 2011, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 129–146.

## Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy.

Blog post
[1]
S. Luntz, Large Hadron Collider Could Detect Extra Dimensions, IFLScience. (2015).

## Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Job Access and Reverse Commute: Program Status and Potential Effects of Proposed Legislative Changes, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2004.

## Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
L.D. Conlin, Building shared understandings in introductory physics tutorials through risk, repair, conflict & comedy, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2012.

## News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
M.W. Walsh, Puerto Rico to Restructure Up to \$5.7 Billion in Debt, New York Times. (2015) B4.

## In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].