How to format your references using the Soins Gérontologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soins Gérontologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bilham R. Lessons from the Haiti earthquake. Nature 2010;463:878–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brovkin V, Claussen M. Comment on “Climate-driven ecosystem succession in the Sahara: the past 6000 years.” Science 2008;322:1326; author reply 1326.
A journal article with 3 authors
Budd GE, Butterfield NJ, Jensen S. Crustaceans and the “Cambrian explosion.” Science 2001;294:2047.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Robinson P, Harrison RJ, McEnroe SA, Hargraves RB. Lamellar magnetism in the haematite-ilmenite series as an explanation for strong remanent magnetization. Nature 2002;418:517–20.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gowler DB. James Through the Centuries. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
Heuser RR, Schlaich M, Sievert H, editors. Renal Denervation: A New Approach to Treatment of Resistant Hypertension. London: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Bruns E, Ohlhorst D, Wenzel B, Köppel J. Innovation Framework for Generating Biogas and Electricity from Biogas. In: Ohlhorst D, Wenzel B, Köppel J, editors. Renewable Energies in Germany’s Electricity Market: A Biography of the Innovation Process, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011, p. 89–159.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soins Gérontologie.

Blog post
Luntz S. Star Survives Supernova. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Important Progress Made, Yet Much Work Remains to Ensure Delivery of Critical Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
LaVertu DJ. An Exploratory Approach to In-Trinity® for Fall Prevention. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. A Coach’s Mistake, a Teaching Moment. New York Times 2010:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSoins Gérontologie
AbbreviationSoins Gerontol.
ISSN (print)1268-6034
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles