How to format your references using the Soins Gérontologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soins Gérontologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knight J. Senators call for biodefence boost. Nature 2001;413:441.
A journal article with 2 authors
Laver G, Garman E. Virology. The origin and control of pandemic influenza. Science 2001;293:1776–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Furey ML, Pietrini P, Haxby JV. Cholinergic enhancement and increased selectivity of perceptual processing during working memory. Science 2000;290:2315–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kieffer SW, Lu X, Bethke CM, Spencer JR, Marshak S, Navrotsky A. A clathrate reservoir hypothesis for Enceladus’ south polar plume. Science 2006;314:1764–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tostmann K-H. Korrosion. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
Strand P, Sneve MK, Pechkurov AV, editors. Radiation and Environmental Safety in North-West Russia: Use of Impact Assessments and Risk Estimation. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Muñoz JJ, Rabiei N, Lyamin A, Huerta A. Computation of Bounds for Anchor Problems in Limit Analysis and Decomposition Techniques. In: Spiliopoulos K, Weichert D, editors. Direct Methods for Limit States in Structures and Materials, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014, p. 79–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soins Gérontologie.

Blog post
Carpineti A. ESA Beamed Almost 4,000 Messages To The North Star. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Key Controls NASA Employs to Guide Use and Management of Funded Space Act Agreements Are Generally Sufficient, but Some Could Be Strengthened and Clarified. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kuru IC. Time-Dependent Vehicle Routing and Assignment in No-Notice Evacuations. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Milhollin G, Motz K. The World; The Means to Make the Poisons Came From the West. New York Times 2003:45.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSoins Gérontologie
AbbreviationSoins Gerontol.
ISSN (print)1268-6034
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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