How to format your references using the Sociology of Health & Illness citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sociology of Health & Illness. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adams, J. (2013) Collaborations: The fourth age of research, Nature. 497, 7451, 557–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tomita, M. and Kami, K. (2012) Cancer. Systems biology, metabolomics, and cancer metabolism, Science (New York, N.Y.). 336, 6084, 990–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wardle, D.A., Walker, L.R. and Bardgett, R.D. (2004) Ecosystem properties and forest decline in contrasting long-term chronosequences, Science (New York, N.Y.). 305, 5683, 509–13.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Han, S.H., Cho, F.H., Song, Y.K., Paulsen, J., et al. (2014) Ultrafast 3D spin-echo acquisition improves Gadolinium-enhanced MRI signal contrast enhancement, Scientific reports. 4,5061.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paterson, S. and Tobias, K. (2012) Atlas of ear diseases of the dog and cat. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Barysz, M. and Ishikawa, Y. (eds.) (2010) Relativistic Methods for Chemists. Challenges and Advances in Computational Chemistry and Physics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Fifka, M. and Loza Adaui, C.R. (2015) Managing Stakeholders for the Sake of Business and Society. In O’Riordan, L., Zmuda, P., and Heinemann, S. (eds.) New Perspectives on Corporate Social Responsibility: Locating the Missing Link. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden. pp. 71–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sociology of Health & Illness.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014) Newly discovered gassy exoplanet has Earth-like mass. [Online]. 6 January 2014. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Radio Communications: Congressional Action Needed to Ensure Agencies Collaborate to Develop a Joint Solution.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Castiglione, A. (2010) Counterproductive work behaviors: The role of employee support policies, envy, and narcissism. Doctoral dissertation. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J.B. (2017) Twilight of the Guru. New York Times. 15 June, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Adams 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Adams 2013; Tomita and Kami 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tomita and Kami 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Han et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSociology of Health & Illness
AbbreviationSociol. Health Illn.
ISSN (print)0141-9889
ISSN (online)1467-9566
ScopeHealth Policy
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

Other styles