How to format your references using the Sociology of Health & Illness citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sociology of Health & Illness. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rind, D. (2002) The Sun’s role in climate variations, Science (New York, N.Y.). 296, 5568, 673–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Spencer, M.K. and Zare, R.N. (2007) Comment on ‘Organics captured from comet 81P/Wild 2 by the Stardust spacecraft’, Science (New York, N.Y.). 317, 5845, 1680; author reply 1680.
A journal article with 3 authors
Beekman, M., Calis, J.N. and Boot, W.J. (2000) Parasitic honeybees get royal treatment, Nature. 404, 6779, 723.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Rubenstein, D.R., Chamberlain, C.P., Holmes, R.T., Ayres, M.P., et al. (2002) Linking breeding and wintering ranges of a migratory songbird using stable isotopes, Science (New York, N.Y.). 295, 5557, 1062–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saksena, F.B. (2008) Color Atlas of Local and Systemic Signs of Cardiovascular Disease. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Al-Shaer, E. (2016) Security and Resiliency Analytics for Smart Grids: Static and Dynamic Approaches. Advances in Information Security. Rahman, M.A. (ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Lax, P.D. and Terrell, M.S. (2014) The Theory of Differentiable Functions. In Terrell, M.S. (ed.) Calculus With Applications. Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics. New York, NY: Springer. pp. 171–216.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sociology of Health & Illness.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) Worldwide, Climate Change Is Worse News For Women. [Online]. 27 October 2015. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Unemployment Insurance: Various Factors Affect Head Start and Other Early Childhood Teachers’ Eligibility for Benefits.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valenzuela, B.D. (2013) Thirty-Year-Old Mulberry Field. Doctoral dissertation. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hess, F.M. and Darling-Hammond, L. (2011) How to Rescue Education Reform. New York Times. 6 December, A29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rind 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Rind 2002; Spencer and Zare 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Spencer and Zare 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Rubenstein et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleSociology of Health & Illness
AbbreviationSociol. Health Illn.
ISSN (print)0141-9889
ISSN (online)1467-9566
ScopeHealth Policy
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

Other styles