How to format your references using the Sociology of Health & Illness citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sociology of Health & Illness. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ruddiman, W.F. (2006) Retrospective. Nicholas J. Shackleton (1937-2006), Science (New York, N.Y.). 312, 5774, 711.
A journal article with 2 authors
Coffin, J.M. and Stoye, J.P. (2009) Virology. A new virus for old diseases?, Science (New York, N.Y.). 326, 5952, 530–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bortnik, J., Thorne, R.M. and Meredith, N.P. (2008) The unexpected origin of plasmaspheric hiss from discrete chorus emissions, Nature. 452, 7183, 62–6.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yasue, A., Mitsui, S.N., Watanabe, T., Sakuma, T., et al. (2014) Highly efficient targeted mutagenesis in one-cell mouse embryos mediated by the TALEN and CRISPR/Cas systems, Scientific reports. 4,5705.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liautaud, M. (2016) Breaking Through. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Plag, H.-P. and Pearlman, M. (eds.) (2009) Global Geodetic Observing System: Meeting the Requirements of a Global Society on a Changing Planet in 2020. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Erozan, Y.S. and Tatsas, A. (2015) Biliary Tract. In Tatsas, A. (ed.) Cytopathology of Liver, Biliary Tract, Kidney and Adrenal Gland. Essentials in Cytopathology. Boston, MA: Springer US. pp. 103–14.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sociology of Health & Illness.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014) Water Vapour Discovered In The Atmosphere Of Neptune-Sized Exoplanet. [Online]. 24 September 2014. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Aviation Services: Automation and Consolidation of Flight Service Stations.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mills, C.C. (2017) Olfaction and Exhibition: Assessing the Impact of Scent in Museums on Exhibit Engagement, Learning and Empathy. Doctoral dissertation. Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2016) JonBenet Ramsey Case to Again Haunt TV. New York Times. 10 August, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ruddiman 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Coffin and Stoye 2009; Ruddiman 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Coffin and Stoye 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Yasue et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSociology of Health & Illness
AbbreviationSociol. Health Illn.
ISSN (print)0141-9889
ISSN (online)1467-9566
ScopeHealth Policy
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

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