How to format your references using the Soccer & Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soccer & Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burns, Joseph A. “Solar System Science. Two Bodies Are Better than One.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297, no. 5583 (August 9, 2002): 942–43.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou, Jing, and L. Jay Guo. “Transition from a Spectrum Filter to a Polarizer in a Metallic Nano-Slit Array.” Scientific Reports 4 (January 9, 2014): 3614.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rajagopalan, Jagannathan, Jong H. Han, and M. Taher A. Saif. “Plastic Deformation Recovery in Freestanding Nanocrystalline Aluminum and Gold Thin Films.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315, no. 5820 (March 30, 2007): 1831–34.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Saba, M., T. A. Pasquini, C. Sanner, Y. Shin, W. Ketterle, and D. E. Pritchard. “Light Scattering to Determine the Relative Phase of Two Bose-Einstein Condensates.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 307, no. 5717 (March 25, 2005): 1945–48.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Welker, Roger W., R. Nagarajan, and Carl E. Newberg. Contamination and ESD Control in High-Technology Manufacturing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
Gaber, Mohamed Medhat, Mihaela Cocea, Nirmalie Wiratunga, and Ayse Goker, eds. Advances in Social Media Analysis. Vol. 602. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Nazaikinskii, Vladimir, Bert-Wolfgang Schulze, and Boris Sternin. “Superposition Principle for KK-Theory.” In The Localization Problem in Index Theory of Elliptic Operators, edited by Bert-Wolfgang Schulze and Boris Sternin, 59–68. Basel: Springer, 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soccer & Society.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. “Anti-Aging Blood Tampering Device May Soon Be Used In Human Trials.” IFLScience. IFLScience, November 25, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Summary Analysis of Federal Commercial Aviation Taxes and Fees.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, March 12, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frederique, Nadine P. “The Effectiveness of School Based Intensive Probation for Reducing Recidivism: An Evaluation of Maryland’s Spotlight on Schools Program.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, Sophia. “As Sarkozy and Putin Meet, Iran Quickly Comes Between Them.” New York Times, October 11, 2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleSoccer & Society
AbbreviationSoccer Soc.
ISSN (print)1466-0970
ISSN (online)1743-9590
ScopeSocial Psychology
Sociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies

Other styles