How to format your references using the Soccer & Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Soccer & Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gingeras, Thomas R. “Implications of Chimaeric Non-Co-Linear Transcripts.” Nature 461, no. 7261 (September 10, 2009): 206–11.
A journal article with 2 authors
Allmann, Bettina P., and Peter M. Shearer. “A High-Frequency Secondary Event during the 2004 Parkfield Earthquake.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 318, no. 5854 (November 23, 2007): 1279–83.
A journal article with 3 authors
Messenger, Scott, Lindsay P. Keller, and Dante S. Lauretta. “Supernova Olivine from Cometary Dust.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 309, no. 5735 (July 29, 2005): 737–41.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Park, Jung Wook, John K. Lee, Katherine M. Sheu, Liang Wang, Nikolas G. Balanis, Kim Nguyen, Bryan A. Smith, et al. “Reprogramming Normal Human Epithelial Tissues to a Common, Lethal Neuroendocrine Cancer Lineage.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 362, no. 6410 (October 5, 2018): 91–95.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sericola, Bruno. Markov Chains. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
Javed, Omar. Automated Multi-Camera Surveillance: Algorithms and Practice. Edited by Mubarak Shah. Vol. 10. The International Series in Video Computing. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Iizuka, Michiko, Pedro Roje, and Valentina Vera. “The Development of Salmon Aquaculture in Chile into an Internationally Competitive Industry: 1985–2007.” In Chile’s Salmon Industry: Policy Challenges in Managing Public Goods, edited by Akio Hosono, Michiko Iizuka, and Jorge Katz, 75–107. Tokyo: Springer Japan, 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Soccer & Society.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “New Horizons Is An Old Spacecraft – But It Will Transform Our Knowledge Of Pluto.” IFLScience. IFLScience, July 13, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Next Generation Air Transportation System: Status of the Transition to the Future Air Traffic Control System.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, May 9, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guillory, Melanie K. “An Analysis of Corporal Punishment Practices in the State of Tennessee.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, Ben. “They’re First-Time Rivals. Their Mothers? Close as Longtime Friends.” New York Times, August 27, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleSoccer & Society
AbbreviationSoccer Soc.
ISSN (print)1466-0970
ISSN (online)1743-9590
ScopeSocial Psychology
Sociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies

Other styles