How to format your references using the Small Wars & Insurgencies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Small Wars & Insurgencies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McBain, Chris J. “Neuroscience. Decoding the Neuronal Tower of Babel.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 338, no. 6106 (October 26, 2012): 482–83.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hemmer, P., and J. Wrachtrup. “Physics. Where Is My Quantum Computer?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324, no. 5926 (April 24, 2009): 473–74.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nateri, Abdolrahman S., Bradley Spencer-Dene, and Axel Behrens. “Interaction of Phosphorylated C-Jun with TCF4 Regulates Intestinal Cancer Development.” Nature 437, no. 7056 (September 8, 2005): 281–85.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Sitch, S., P. M. Cox, W. J. Collins, and C. Huntingford. “Indirect Radiative Forcing of Climate Change through Ozone Effects on the Land-Carbon Sink.” Nature 448, no. 7155 (August 16, 2007): 791–94.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barbaroux, Pierre, Amel Attour, and Eric Schenk. Knowledge Management and Innovation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
Marani, Giacomo. Introduction to Autonomous Manipulation: Case Study with an Underwater Robot, SAUVIM. Edited by Junku Yuh. Vol. 102. Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Barbiero, Alessandro, and Pier Alda Ferrari. “Simulating Correlated Ordinal and Discrete Variables with Assigned Marginal Distributions.” In Topics in Statistical Simulation: Research Papers from the 7th International Workshop on Statistical Simulation, edited by V. B. Melas, Stefania Mignani, Paola Monari, and Luigi Salmaso, 37–46. Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. New York, NY: Springer, 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Small Wars & Insurgencies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “Graphene Is Missing Ingredient To Help Supercharge Batteries For Life On The Move.” IFLScience. IFLScience, August 11, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Space Shuttle Safety: Update on NASA’s Progress in Revitalizing the Shuttle Workforce and Making Safety Upgrades.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, September 6, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lizarraga, David. “Effects of Large Inedible Particles on the Feeding Performance of Echinodem Larvae.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, James. “Was That a Presidential Debate or a Pitch for an Edgy Trump Channel?” New York Times, October 20, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleSmall Wars & Insurgencies
AbbreviationSmall Wars Insur.
ISSN (print)0959-2318
ISSN (online)1743-9558
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

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