How to format your references using the Small Wars & Insurgencies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Small Wars & Insurgencies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brenner, Sydney. “Turing Centenary: Life’s Code Script.” Nature 482, no. 7386 (February 22, 2012): 461.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gamerdinger, Martin, and Elke Deuerling. “Biochemistry. Trigger Factor Flexibility.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 344, no. 6184 (May 9, 2014): 590–91.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fay, Justin C., Gerald J. Wyckoff, and Chung-I Wu. “Testing the Neutral Theory of Molecular Evolution with Genomic Data from Drosophila.” Nature 415, no. 6875 (February 28, 2002): 1024–26.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Moore, R. G., Jiandi Zhang, V. B. Nascimento, R. Jin, Jiandong Guo, G. T. Wang, Z. Fang, D. Mandrus, and E. W. Plummer. “A Surface-Tailored, Purely Electronic, Mott Metal-to-Insulator Transition.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 318, no. 5850 (October 26, 2007): 615–19.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Safari, Meysam, Mohamed Ariff, and Shamsher Mohamad. Sukuk Securities. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
Bandello, Francesco, Marco Attilio Zarbin, Rosangela Lattanzio, and Ilaria Zucchiatti, eds. Clinical Strategies in the Management of Diabetic Retinopathy: A Step-by-Step Guide for Ophthalmologists. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Bodvarsson, Örn B., and Hendrik Van den Berg. “Who Immigrates? Theory and Evidence.” In The Economics of Immigration: Theory and Policy, edited by Hendrik Van den Berg, 79–107. New York, NY: Springer, 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Small Wars & Insurgencies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “A New Way To Test Your ‘Biological’ Age.” IFLScience. IFLScience, September 8, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Space Transportation: Challenges Facing NASA’s Space Launch Initiative.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, September 17, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stadalis, Molly Davis. “Development of a Conceptual Model and Instrument for Sustaining Successful School Reculturing and Reform Efforts.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. “Trump v. the Court.” New York Times, February 4, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleSmall Wars & Insurgencies
AbbreviationSmall Wars Insur.
ISSN (print)0959-2318
ISSN (online)1743-9558
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

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