How to format your references using the Sleep Health: Journal of the National Sleep Foundation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sleep Health: Journal of the National Sleep Foundation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Peto J. Cancer epidemiology in the last century and the next decade. Nature. 2001;411(6835):390-395.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gal-Yam A, Leonard DC. A massive hypergiant star as the progenitor of the supernova SN 2005gl. Nature. 2009;458(7240):865-867.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Tamsir A, Tabor JJ, Voigt CA. Robust multicellular computing using genetically encoded NOR gates and chemical “wires.” Nature. 2011;469(7329):212-215.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Makiuchi T, Mi-ichi F, Nakada-Tsukui K, Nozaki T. Novel TPR-containing subunit of TOM complex functions as cytosolic receptor for Entamoeba mitosomal transport. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1129.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lehto J, Hou X. Chemistry and Analysis of Radionuclides. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Singh RB, Hietala R, eds. Livelihood Security in Northwestern Himalaya: Case Studies from Changing Socio-Economic Environments in Himachal Pradesh, India. Springer Japan; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
D. Rosengarten R, Santhanam B, Katoh-Kurasawa M. Transcriptional Regulators: Dynamic Drivers of Multicellular Formation, Cell Differentiation and Development. In: Romeralo M, Baldauf S, Escalante R, eds. Dictyostelids: Evolution, Genomics and Cell Biology. Springer; 2013:89-108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sleep Health: Journal of the National Sleep Foundation.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. We Could Prevent Millions Of Cancer Deaths Each Year With Knowledge We Already Have. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: DLA Needs to Strengthen Its Investment Management Capability. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Cusick JA. Does size really matter? How synchrony and size affect the dynamic of aggression between two sympatric species of dolphin in the Bahamas. Published online 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Baker AL. Nebraska University Chief Is Chosen to Lead CUNY. New York Times. January 16, 2014:A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSleep Health: Journal of the National Sleep Foundation
AbbreviationSleep Health
ISSN (print)2352-7218
Scope

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