How to format your references using the Sleep Health: Journal of the National Sleep Foundation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sleep Health: Journal of the National Sleep Foundation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Zuber MT. Planetary science. Learning to think like Martians. Science. 2003;302(5651):1694-1695.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Williams LE, Bargh JA. Experiencing physical warmth promotes interpersonal warmth. Science. 2008;322(5901):606-607.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Schmidt MW, Spero HJ, Lea DW. Links between salinity variation in the Caribbean and North Atlantic thermohaline circulation. Nature. 2004;428(6979):160-163.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Sandoval H, Thiagarajan P, Dasgupta SK, et al. Essential role for Nix in autophagic maturation of erythroid cells. Nature. 2008;454(7201):232-235.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Stephanie Hammer. Architects of Electronic Trading. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Mobasher B, Nasraoui O, Liu B, Masand B, eds. Advances in Web Mining and Web Usage Analysis: 6th International Workshop on Knowledge Discovery on the Web, WebKDD 2004, Seattle, WA, USA, August 22-25, 2004, Revised Selected Papers. Vol 3932. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Alonso-Sanz R. Elementary Cellular Automata with Memory of Delay Type. In: Kari J, Kutrib M, Malcher A, eds. Cellular Automata and Discrete Complex Systems: 19th International Workshop, AUTOMATA 2013, Gießen, Germany, September 17-19, 2013. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013:67-83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sleep Health: Journal of the National Sleep Foundation.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Anxiety can be Inherited from your Parents. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/anxiety-may-be-transferred-parent-child/. Published July 8, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Digital Television Transition: Information on the Implementation of the Converter Box Subsidy Program and Consumer Participation in the Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Jernigan MB. Use of uprooted invasive buffelgrass (Pennisetum ciliare ) parent plants as thatch to reduce progeny seedling emergence. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Pilon M. Slugger’s Penalty Includes a Walk Through History. New York Times. November 8, 2012:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSleep Health: Journal of the National Sleep Foundation
AbbreviationSleep Health
ISSN (print)2352-7218
Scope

Other styles