How to format your references using the Sexuality & Culture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sexuality & Culture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, C. L. (2007). How the LHC came to be. Nature, 448(7151), 281–284.
A journal article with 2 authors
Strässer, K., & Hurt, E. (2001). Splicing factor Sub2p is required for nuclear mRNA export through its interaction with Yra1p. Nature, 413(6856), 648–652.
A journal article with 3 authors
Otterbein, L. R., Graceffa, P., & Dominguez, R. (2001). The crystal structure of uncomplexed actin in the ADP state. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5530), 708–711.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yang, C.-F., Chen, K.-C., Cheng, Y.-H., Raja, J. A. J., Huang, Y.-L., Chien, W.-C., & Yeh, S.-D. (2014). Generation of marker-free transgenic plants concurrently resistant to a DNA geminivirus and a RNA tospovirus. Scientific reports, 4, 5717.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonnet, P. (2013). Enterprise Data Governance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gersen, S. L., & Keagle, M. B. (Eds.). (2013). The Principles of Clinical Cytogenetics (3rd ed. 2013.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Weissenbacher, E. R., Wirth, M., Mylonas, I., Geburtshilfe, K. F., Ledger, W. J., & Witkin, S. S. (2014). Immunology in Reproductive Medicine. In M. Wirth, I. Mylonas, K. F. Geburtshilfe, W. J. Ledger, & S. S. Witkin (Eds.), Immunology of the Female Genital Tract (pp. 163–249). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sexuality & Culture.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, January 4). Astronomers Discover Incredibly Rare Double-Ringed Galaxy. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). Improvements Needed in the Tennessee Valley Authority’s Management and Use of Its Automatic Data Processing Resources (No. EMD-79-102). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haws, S. W. (2012). A multilevel study of schools’ influences on adolescent substance use (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wines, M. (2017, September 26). Wisconsin Law Deterred Voters, Study Finds. New York Times, p. A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Smith 2007; Strässer and Hurt 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Strässer and Hurt 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Yang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSexuality & Culture
AbbreviationSex. Cult.
ISSN (print)1095-5143
ISSN (online)1936-4822
ScopeCultural Studies
Gender Studies

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