How to format your references using the Sexuality & Culture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sexuality & Culture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2004). Two-way traffic. Nature, 431(7008), 611.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson, P. M., & Ollason, J. C. (2001). Lagged effects of ocean climate change on fulmar population dynamics. Nature, 413(6854), 417–420.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, H.-J., Lee, J.-H., & Cho, J.-H. (2014). Antiferromagnetic Slater insulator phase of Na₂IrO₃. Scientific reports, 4, 5253.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Walvoord, M. A., Phillips, F. M., Stonestrom, D. A., Evans, R. D., Hartsough, P. C., Newman, B. D., & Striegl, R. G. (2003). A reservoir of nitrate beneath desert soils. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5647), 1021–1024.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Caferro, W. (2010). Contesting the Renaissance. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Becker, W. (Ed.). (2009). Neutron Stars and Pulsars (Vol. 357). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Laouadi, M. A., Mokhati, F., & Seridi-Bouchelaghem, H. (2010). A Novel Formal Specification Approach for Real Time Multi-Agent System Functional Requirements. In J. Dix & C. Witteveen (Eds.), Multiagent System Technologies: 8th German Conference, MATES 2010, Leipzig, Germany, September 27-29, 2010. Proceedings (pp. 15–27). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sexuality & Culture.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, July 20). Hottest June Ever Recorded Breaks All Kinds Of Awful Climate Change Records. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Aviation and the Environment: FAA’s and NASA’s Research and Development Plans for Noise Reduction Are Aligned but the Prospects of Achieving Noise Reduction Goals Are Uncertain (No. GAO-08-384). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yuan, J. (2008). Membrane Protein Insertion in Bacteria by the YidC and Sec Pathway (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L. (2017, March 1). On Dealing With NATO Allies, and Military Spending. New York Times, p. A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2004; Thompson and Ollason 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson and Ollason 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Walvoord et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleSexuality & Culture
AbbreviationSex. Cult.
ISSN (print)1095-5143
ISSN (online)1936-4822
ScopeCultural Studies
Gender Studies

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