# How to format your references using the Sexual Medicine Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sexual Medicine Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

## Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

## Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Frey PA. Enzymology. Coenzymes and radicals. Science 2001;294:2489–90.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Audétat A, Keppler H. Viscosity of fluids in subduction zones. Science 2004;303:513–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Zorzi M, Priftis K, Umiltà C. Brain damage: neglect disrupts the mental number line. Nature 2002;417:138–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Saveliev A, Everett C, Sharpe T, Webster Z, Festenstein R. DNA triplet repeats mediate heterochromatin-protein-1-sensitive variegated gene silencing. Nature 2003;422:909–13.

## Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Thornicroft G, Semrau M, Alem A, Drake RE, Ito H, Mari J, et al. Community Mental Health. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Pereira KD, Mitchell RB, editors. Pediatric Otolaryngology for the Clinician. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Hu J, Wang Z, Gao H. Probability-Guaranteed $$H_\infty$$ H ∞ Finite-Horizon Filtering with Sensor Saturations. In: Wang Z, Gao H, editors. Nonlinear Stochastic Systems with Network-Induced Phenomena: Recursive Filtering and Sliding-Mode Design, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 101–18.

## Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sexual Medicine Reviews.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. How Ethiopian Highlanders Adapted To Their Low Oxygen Conditions. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/how-ethiopian-highlanders-adapted-their-low-oxygen-conditions/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

## Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Computer Capacity: IRS Must Better Estimate Its Computer Resource Needs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

## Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Pikiewicz KA. I never knew I had expectations until I realized they weren’t going to come true: A grounded theory study of mothering a chronically ill child. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2012.

## News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Crow K. That Distinctive New-Park Odor Turns Out to Be Leaking Sewage. New York Times 2000:146.

## In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].