How to format your references using the Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heinrich AJ. Applied physics. Looking below the surface. Science 2009;323:1178–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Herzog RW, Ostrov DA. Immunology. A decorated virus cannot hide. Science 2012;338:748–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Manoukis NC, Hall B, Geib SM. A computer model of insect traps in a landscape. Sci Rep 2014;4:7015.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yamasaki M, Li W, Johnson DJD, Huntington JA. Crystal structure of a stable dimer reveals the molecular basis of serpin polymerization. Nature 2008;455:1255–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu H, Li G. OFDM-Based Broadband Wireless Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
Broersma H, Erlebach T, Friedetzky T, Paulusma D, editors. Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science: 34th International Workshop, WG 2008, Durham, UK, June 30 – July 2, 2008. Revised Papers. vol. 5344. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Yorke J, Vidovich L. Research Methods. In: Vidovich L, editor. Learning Standards and the Assessment of Quality in Higher Education: Contested Policy Trajectories, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 89–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientist Proposes That Black Holes are Harmless Holograms. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Safeguarding Taxpayer Information: An Evaluation of the Proposed Computerized Tax Administration System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schmisseur BE. An Evaluation of Noise Reduction Effectiveness in Four Digital Hearing Aids. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati, 2002.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Perlroth N, Wines M, Rosenberg M. Little Effort to Investigate in States Targeted by Election Hacking. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSexual & Reproductive Healthcare
AbbreviationSex. Reprod. Healthc.
ISSN (print)1877-5756
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Maternity and Midwifery

Other styles