How to format your references using the Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ellis GF. Dennis Sciama (1926-99). Nature 2000;403:722.
A journal article with 2 authors
Padilla A, Gibson I. Science moves to centre stage. Nature 2000;403:357–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Finnegan NJ, Schumer R, Finnegan S. A signature of transience in bedrock river incision rates over timescales of 10(4)-10(7) years. Nature 2014;505:391–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Takasugi N, Tomita T, Hayashi I, Tsuruoka M, Niimura M, Takahashi Y, et al. The role of presenilin cofactors in the gamma-secretase complex. Nature 2003;422:438–41.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malamed C. Visual Design Solutions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Feldman YA, Kraft D, Kuflik T, editors. Next Generation Information Technologies and Systems: 7th International Conference, NGITS 2009, Haifa, Israel, June 16-18, 2009. Revised Selected Papers. vol. 5831. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Li X, Lu S-G, Qian X, Lin M, Zhang QM. Electrocaloric Polymers. In: Correia T, Zhang Q, editors. Electrocaloric Materials: New Generation of Coolers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014, p. 107–24.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare.

Blog post
Andrew E. Lessons From Cuba on Eliminating the Transmission of HIV From Mother to Child. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Wire-Based Competition Benefited Consumers In Selected Markets. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Santoso E. Intellectual capital in Indonesia: The influence on financial performance of banking industry. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Berger J. Officer Kills Man After Stabbing in Synagogue. New York Times 2014:A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSexual & Reproductive Healthcare
AbbreviationSex. Reprod. Healthc.
ISSN (print)1877-5756
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Maternity and Midwifery

Other styles