How to format your references using the Seizure: European Journal of Epilepsy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seizure: European Journal of Epilepsy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Chaudhury A. Plant genetics: hothead healer and extragenomic information. Nature 2005;437:E1; discussion E2.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Cassenaer S, Laurent G. Conditional modulation of spike-timing-dependent plasticity for olfactory learning. Nature 2012;482:47–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Bayley PJ, Frascino JC, Squire LR. Robust habit learning in the absence of awareness and independent of the medial temporal lobe. Nature 2005;436:550–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Sedkov Y, Cho E, Petruk S, Cherbas L, Smith ST, Jones RS, et al. Methylation at lysine 4 of histone H3 in ecdysone-dependent development of Drosophila. Nature 2003;426:78–83.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Huzurbazar AV. Flowgraph Models for Multistate Time-to-Event Data: Huzurbazar/Flowgraph Models. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
[1]
Kowalski O, Musso E, Perrone D, editors. Complex, Contact and Symmetric Manifolds: In Honor of L. Vanhecke. vol. 234. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Dunner DL. Major Depressive Disorder. In: Fatemi SH, Clayton PJ, editors. The Medical Basis of Psychiatry, Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2008, p. 73–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seizure: European Journal of Epilepsy.

Blog post
[1]
Hamilton K. Why You Should Donate Your Data (As Well As Your Organs) When You Die. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/why-you-should-donate-your-data-as-well-as-your-organs-when-you-die/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Highways and Environment: Transportation Agencies Are Acting to Involve Others in Planning and Environmental Decisions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Yu H. Parasitism of subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae: Termitidae) by entomopathogenic nematodes (Nematoda: Steinernematidae: Heterorhabditidae). Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly S. There’s Nothing Like a Dame. New York Times 1992:729.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSeizure: European Journal of Epilepsy
AbbreviationSeizure
ISSN (print)1059-1311
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Neurology

Other styles