How to format your references using the Seizure: European Journal of Epilepsy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seizure: European Journal of Epilepsy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Grott M. Planetary science. Is Mars geodynamically dead? Science 2008;320:1171–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Yuan F, Huang L. Brittle to ductile transition in densified silica glass. Sci Rep 2014;4:5035.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Dunham EM, Favreau P, Carlson JM. A supershear transition mechanism for cracks. Science 2003;299:1557–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Ozaki K, Spolski R, Feng CG, Qi C-F, Cheng J, Sher A, et al. A critical role for IL-21 in regulating immunoglobulin production. Science 2002;298:1630–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Strohfeldt KA. Essentials of Inorganic Chemistry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Biryukov A, Goyal V, editors. Progress in Cryptology -- INDOCRYPT 2015: 16th International Conference on Cryptology in India, Bangalore, India, December 6-9, 2015, Proceedings. vol. 9462. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Li S, Sun H, Zheng X. A Case Study on Design of Teacher Peer-Coaching Activities Supported by a Web 2.0 Community. In: Kwan R, Fong J, Kwok L-F, Lam J, editors. Hybrid Learning: 4th International Conference, ICHL 2011, Hong Kong, China, August 10-12, 2011. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 40–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seizure: European Journal of Epilepsy.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Original Proteins Have Been Extracted From An 80-Million-Year-Old Fossil. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/original-proteins-have-been-extracted-from-an-80millionyearold-fossil/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Determination of Costs Relating to the Environmental Education Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Frost DC. Quantitative correlational study of communication satisfaction related to organizational proximity and face-to-face communication. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Pilon M. I.O.C. Nominates American, Signaling A Thaw in Relations. New York Times 2013:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSeizure: European Journal of Epilepsy
AbbreviationSeizure
ISSN (print)1059-1311
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Clinical Neurology
Neurology

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