How to format your references using the Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Ganzheitsmedizin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Ganzheitsmedizin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tromans A: Entomology. The alkaloid defence. Nature 2001;409:28.
A journal article with 2 authors
Canup RM, Ward WR: A common mass scaling for satellite systems of gaseous planets. Nature 2006;441:834–839.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bonabeau E, Dorigo M, Theraulaz G: Inspiration for optimization from social insect behaviour. Nature 2000;406:39–42.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Minot ED, Yaish Y, Sazonova V, McEuen PL: Determination of electron orbital magnetic moments in carbon nanotubes. Nature 2004;428:536–539.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Venkateshan SP: Mechanical Measurements. Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
Richardson I, Runeson P, Messnarz R (eds): Software Process Improvement: 13th European Conference, EuroSPI 2006, Joensuu, Finland, October 11-13, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Pickering R, Eason K: Object-Oriented Programming; in Eason K (ed): Beginning F# 4.0. Berkeley, CA, Apress, 2016, pp 93–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Ganzheitsmedizin.

Blog post
Andrew D: A Hidden Code In Our DNA Explains How New Pieces Of Genes Are Made. IFLScience 2017;


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Airport Safety Inspection Program Needed To Improve Flight Safety of Civil Aircraft. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O’Leary JJ: Telling the story: Teaching leaders the art of storytelling and its impact on individuals and the organization 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pfaff J: The Justices Need Fact-Checkers. New York Times 2017;A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSchweizerische Zeitschrift für Ganzheitsmedizin
ISSN (print)1015-0684
ISSN (online)1663-7607
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

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