How to format your references using the Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Ganzheitsmedizin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Ganzheitsmedizin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Arena BJ: Outside my comfort zone. Science 2014;345:842.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fulton JE, Delany ME: Genetics. Poultry genetic resources--operation rescue needed. Science 2003;300:1667–1668.
A journal article with 3 authors
Qian H, Wang X, Zhang Y: Comment on “Disentangling the drivers of β diversity along latitudinal and elevational gradients.” Science 2012;335:1573; author reply 1573.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nanot S, Cummings AW, Pint CL, Ikeuchi A, Akiho T, Sueoka K, et al.: Broadband, polarization-sensitive photodetector based on optically-thick films of macroscopically long, dense, and aligned carbon nanotubes. Sci Rep 2013;3:1335.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schweiker W: Dust that Breathes. Oxford, UK, Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
An edited book
Demetrescu C (ed): Experimental Algorithms: 6th International Workshop, WEA 2007, Rome, Italy, June 6-8, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Jalabert A, Amara A, Clermidy F: Modeling of the Molecular Nwfet Transistor; in Amara A, Clermidy F (eds): Molecular Electronics Materials, Devices and Applications. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, 2008, pp 99–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Ganzheitsmedizin.

Blog post
Andrews R: Evidence For Ancient Wet Martian Environment Hints At Habitats For Life. IFLScience 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Telecommunications: FCC Should Take Steps to Ensure Equal Access to Rulemaking Information. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hsieh H-C: Self-access center and autonomous learning: EFL college students’ motivations, activities and perceptions of learning effectiveness 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J: Stewart Will Perform Stand-Up On HBO. New York Times 2017;B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSchweizerische Zeitschrift für Ganzheitsmedizin
ISSN (print)1015-0684
ISSN (online)1663-7607
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

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