How to format your references using the Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Ganzheitsmedizin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Ganzheitsmedizin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr RA. A north atlantic climate pacemaker for the centuries. Science. 2000 Jun;288(5473):1984–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ito T, Yokoyama S. Two enzymes bound to one transfer RNA assume alternative conformations for consecutive reactions. Nature. 2010 Sep;467(7315):612–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Caro E, Castellano MM, Gutierrez C. A chromatin link that couples cell division to root epidermis patterning in Arabidopsis. Nature. 2007 May;447(7141):213–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Turner RE, Baustian JJ, Swenson EM, Spicer JS. Wetland sedimentation from hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Science. 2006 Oct;314(5798):449–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lincoln NB, Kneebone II, Macniven JAB, Morris RC. Psychological Management of Stroke. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Cuenca P, Orozco-Barbosa L, editors. Personal Wireless Communications: IFIP TC6 11th International Conference, PWC 2006, Albacete, Spain, September 20-22, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Quattrocolo S. The Right to Information in EU Legislation. In: Ruggeri S, editor. Human Rights in European Criminal Law: New Developments in European Legislation and Case Law after the Lisbon Treaty. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015; pp 81–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Ganzheitsmedizin.

Blog post
Fang J. Ancient Mammal-Like Reptiles Sprouted Whiskers [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Jun


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Administration of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 in the Michigan and Ohio State Departments of Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crawford MJ. Empire’s experts: The politics of knowledge in Spain’s royal monopoly of quina (1751–1808). 2009

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hanel M. The Octopus War. New York Times. 2013 Oct;MM50.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSchweizerische Zeitschrift für Ganzheitsmedizin
ISSN (print)1015-0684
ISSN (online)1663-7607
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

Other styles