How to format your references using the Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Ganzheitsmedizin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Ganzheitsmedizin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garber K. Biochemistry: A radical treatment. Nature. 2012 Sep;489(7417):S4-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palumbi SR, Warner RR. Ecology. Why gobies are like Hobbits. Science. 2003 Jan;299(5603):51–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
McNamara AK, van Keken PE, Karato S-I. Development of anisotropic structure in the Earth’s lower mantle by solid-state convection. Nature. 2002 Mar;416(6878):310–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yang G-M, Cheng C-F, Jiang W, Lu Z-T, Purtschert R, Sun Y-R, et al. Analysis of 85Kr: a comparison at the 10 -14 level using micro-liter samples. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1596.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Unhelkar B. Verification and Validation for Quality of UML 2.0 Models. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Faucher C, Jain LC, editors. Innovations in Intelligent Machines-4: Recent Advances in Knowledge Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Monti G, Greco M, Cabrini L. May an “Early” Renal Replacement Therapy Improve Survival? In: Landoni G, Pisano A, Zangrillo A, Bellomo R, editors. Reducing Mortality in Acute Kidney Injury. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016; pp 51–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Ganzheitsmedizin.

Blog post
Andrew E. Awesome Video About Pluto Will Make You Cry [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Jun [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: DOD Needs to Improve Process for Ensuring Interoperability of Telecommunications Switches. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coleman ED. The Nature of Leadership: A Case Study of Distributed Leadership Amidst A Participative Change Effort. 2014

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J. Updating DNA’s Life Story. New York Times. 2017 Aug;BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSchweizerische Zeitschrift für Ganzheitsmedizin
ISSN (print)1015-0684
ISSN (online)1663-7607
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

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