How to format your references using the Schizophrenia Research: Cognition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Schizophrenia Research: Cognition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage, N., 2015. Aerodynamics: Vortices and robobees. Nature 521, S64-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ghose, G.M., Maunsell, J.H.R., 2002. Attentional modulation in visual cortex depends on task timing. Nature 419, 616–620.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bustamante, C., Bryant, Z., Smith, S.B., 2003. Ten years of tension: single-molecule DNA mechanics. Nature 421, 423–427.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Choe, S.B., Acremann, Y., Scholl, A., Bauer, A., Doran, A., Stöhr, J., Padmore, H.A., 2004. Vortex core-driven magnetization dynamics. Science 304, 420–422.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Esmailzadeh, R., 2016. Broadband Telecommunications Technologies and Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Harik, R., Rivest, L., Bernard, A., Eynard, B., Bouras, A. (Eds.), 2016. Product Lifecycle Management for Digital Transformation of Industries: 13th IFIP WG 5.1 International Conference, PLM 2016, Columbia, SC, USA, July 11-13, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Ko, P.Y., Adamson, B., 2012. Chinese Language Pedagogy and Human Dignity: The Special Rank Teacher in the Aftermath of the Cultural Revolution, in: Leung, C.B., Ruan, J. (Eds.), Perspectives on Teaching and Learning Chinese Literacy in China, Multilingual Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 61–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Schizophrenia Research: Cognition.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2015. Check Out This Spectacular Photo Of The Grand Canyon [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. Attack Warning: ADP and Communication Modernization Programs for Warning and Assessment (No. IMTEC-87-23FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chon, J.Y., 2012. Coping as a mediator of the relation between teacher perceived stress and teacher-student relationships (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., 2017. ‘Bachelor in Paradise’ To Resume Taping. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ghose and Maunsell, 2002; Savage, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ghose and Maunsell, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Choe et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleSchizophrenia Research: Cognition
AbbreviationSchizophr. Res. Cogn.
ISSN (print)2215-0013

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