How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cook-Deegan R. Public health. Boosting health services research. Science . 2011 Sep 9;333(6048):1384–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Newman DK, Banfield JF. Geomicrobiology: how molecular-scale interactions underpin biogeochemical systems. Science . 2002 May 10;296(5570):1071–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fändrich M, Fletcher MA, Dobson CM. Amyloid fibrils from muscle myoglobin. Nature . 2001 Mar 8;410(6825):165–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhou PY, Dou XM, Wu XF, Ding K, Li MF, Ni HQ, et al. Single-photon property characterization of 1.3 μm emissions from InAs/GaAs quantum dots using silicon avalanche photodiodes. Sci. Rep. . 2014 Jan 10;4:3633.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kulinkovich OG. Cyclopropanes in Organic Synthesis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Wu Y, editor. Computing and Intelligent Systems: International Conference, ICCIC 2011, Wuhan, China, September 17-18, 2011, Proceedings, Part III. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Eisfeld B. Turbulence Models in FLOWer. In: Kroll N, Fassbender JK, editors. MEGAFLOW - Numerical Flow Simulation for Aircraft Design: Results of the second phase of the German CFD initiative MEGAFLOW, presented during its closing symposium at DLR, Braunschweig, Germany, December 10 and 11, 2002 . Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. p. 63–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health.

Blog post
Andrew E. Losing Bees Will Sting More Than Just Our Taste For Honey [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Actions Under Way to Manage Cost, but Significant Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Jul. Report No.: GAO-02-735.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Penney G. Executive Fire Officers’ strategic thinking capabilities and their relationship with information and communication technology [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. ’04 Drug Retest May Give U.S. Olympic Gold. New York Times . 2012 Dec 6;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
AbbreviationScand. J. Work Environ. Health
ISSN (print)0355-3140
ISSN (online)1795-990X
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles