How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage N. Technology: Dancing with robots. Nature . 2012 Dec 6;492(7427):S16-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dalton R, Cyranoski D. Baja peninsula claims five victims in tragic accident. Nature . 2000 Apr 6;404(6778):533.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoshino T, Walter MJ, Katsura T. Core formation in planetesimals triggered by permeable flow. Nature . 2003 Mar 13;422(6928):154–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Matthews JM, Kuschnig R, Guenther DB, Walker GAH, Moffat AFJ, Rucinski SM, et al. No stellar p-mode oscillations in space-based photometry of Procyon. Nature . 2004 Jul 1;430(6995):51–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stockinger P. Audiovisual Archives. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Mahlow C, Piotrowski M, editors. State of the Art in Computational Morphology: Workshop on Systems and Frameworks for Computational Morphology, SFCM 2009, Zurich, Switzerland, September 4, 2009. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Carretta P, Keren A. NMR and µSR in Highly Frustrated Magnets. In: Lacroix C, Mendels P, Mila F, editors. Introduction to Frustrated Magnetism: Materials, Experiments, Theory . Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 79–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health.

Blog post
Hale T. An Enormous Piece Of Space Junk Will Crash Into The Ocean Tomorrow [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: FCC Does Not Know if All Required Fees Are Collected. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Aug. Report No.: RCED-99-216.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allen EL. Teacher Evaluation and Student Achievement in Elementary Education [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly R. QUOTATION OF THE DAY. New York Times . 2008 Jun 6;A3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
AbbreviationScand. J. Work Environ. Health
ISSN (print)0355-3140
ISSN (online)1795-990X
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles