How to format your references using the Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tooze SA. Cell biology. GGAs tie up the loose ends. Science . 2001 Jun 1;292(5522):1663–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bininda-Emonds ORP, Purvis A. Comment on “Impacts of the Cretaceous Terrestrial Revolution and KPg extinction on mammal diversification.” Science . 2012 Jul 6;337(6090):34; author reply 34.
A journal article with 3 authors
Joseph AC, Joseph SE, Chen G. Cross-border portfolio investment networks and indicators for financial crises. Sci. Rep. . 2014 Feb 10;4:3991.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Furukawa H, Singh SK, Mancusso R, Gouaux E. Subunit arrangement and function in NMDA receptors. Nature . 2005 Nov 10;438(7065):185–92.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saguet P. Numerical Analysis in Electromagnetics. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Kämäräinen J-K, Koskela M, editors. Image Analysis: 18th Scandinavian Conference, SCIA 2013, Espoo, Finland, June 17-20, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Castano V, Schagaev I. FT Models. In: Schagaev I, editor. Resilient computer system design . Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 113–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health.

Blog post
Davis J. Scientists Plan On Resurrecting A 30,000-Year-Old Giant Virus [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. VBA Information Technology Investment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Oct. Report No.: AIMD-97-10R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia-Manglano J. Working for pay or raising a family? Three papers on women’s work expectations and market outcomes [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly K. Seeking a Shift to Entrepreneurship, Executive Will Leave JPMorgan. New York Times . 2017 Jun 8;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleScandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
AbbreviationScand. J. Work Environ. Health
ISSN (print)0355-3140
ISSN (online)1795-990X
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles