How to format your references using the São Paulo Journal of Mathematical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for São Paulo Journal of Mathematical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check, E.: Cancer fears cast doubts on future of gene therapy. Nature. 421, 678 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Ahlund, M., Andersson, M.: Female ducks can double their reproduction. Nature. 414, 600–601 (2001)
A journal article with 3 authors
Lund, D.C., Lynch-Stieglitz, J., Curry, W.B.: Gulf Stream density structure and transport during the past millennium. Nature. 444, 601–604 (2006)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lei, M., Wang, Z.B., Li, J.S., Tang, H.L., Liu, W.J., Wang, Y.G.: CeO2 nanocubes-graphene oxide as durable and highly active catalyst support for proton exchange membrane fuel cell. Sci. Rep. 4, 7415 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sheldrake, P.: The Spiritual City. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK (2014)
An edited book
Neck, R., Richter, C., Mooslechner, P. eds: Quantitative Economic Policy: Essays in Honour of Andrew Hughes Hallett. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Jara, J., Daniel, F., Casati, F., Marchese, M.: From a Simple Flow to Social Applications. In: Sheng, Q.Z. and Kjeldskov, J. (eds.) Current Trends in Web Engineering: ICWE 2013 International Workshops ComposableWeb, QWE, MDWE, DMSSW, EMotions, CSE, SSN, and PhD Symposium, Aalborg, Denmark, July 8-12, 2013. Revised Selected Papers. pp. 39–50. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for São Paulo Journal of Mathematical Sciences.

Blog post
Davis, J.: Psychopaths May Have Below Average Levels Of Intelligence, Despite Their Reputation,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: The San Francisco Regional Office, 1954-1987: Interview With Harold J. D’Ambrogia, Kenneth A. Pollock, Richard A. Sheldon, and Charles F. Vincent. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1991)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mitchell, S.F.: Life-review therapy: A prevention program for the elderly who are experiencing life transitions. A grant proposal, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K.: World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Army Diet Found Lacking, (2003)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSão Paulo Journal of Mathematical Sciences
AbbreviationSão Paulo J. Math. Sci.
ISSN (print)1982-6907
ISSN (online)2316-9028

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