How to format your references using the São Paulo Journal of Mathematical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for São Paulo Journal of Mathematical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lowry, A.R.: Resonant slow fault slip in subduction zones forced by climatic load stress. Nature. 442, 802–805 (2006)
A journal article with 2 authors
Cuffey, K.M., Marshall, S.J.: Substantial contribution to sea-level rise during the last interglacial from the Greenland ice sheet. Nature. 404, 591–594 (2000)
A journal article with 3 authors
Amunts, A., Drory, O., Nelson, N.: The structure of a plant photosystem I supercomplex at 3.4 A resolution. Nature. 447, 58–63 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Smith, K.D., von Seggern, D., Blewitt, G., Preston, L., Anderson, J.G., Wernicke, B.P., Davis, J.L.: Evidence for deep magma injection beneath Lake Tahoe, Nevada-California. Science. 305, 1277–1280 (2004)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ben Mahmoud, M.S., Larrieu, N., Pirovano, A.: Risk Propagation Assessment for Network Security. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2013)
An edited book
Mamon, R.S., Elliott, R.J. eds: Hidden Markov Models in Finance. Springer US, Boston, MA (2007)
A chapter in an edited book
Palermo, G., Silvano, C., Zaccaria, V., Rigoni, E., Kavka, C., Turco, A., Mariani, G.: Response Surface Modeling for Design Space Exploration of Embedded System. In: Silvano, C., Fornaciari, W., and Villar, E. (eds.) Multi-objective Design Space Exploration of Multiprocessor SoC Architectures: The MULTICUBE Approach. pp. 75–92. Springer, New York, NY (2011)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for São Paulo Journal of Mathematical Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Study Says British Drinking Guidelines Are “Unrealistic” And “Irrelevant,”


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Communications: Actions Needed to Ensure Advanced High Frequency Radios Interoperate. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1989)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Randall, S.L.: Psychologists’ use of, familiarity, and comfort with Alcoholics Anonymous Slogans in psychotherapy, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J.: Leonard Cohen Book Scheduled for 2018, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSão Paulo Journal of Mathematical Sciences
AbbreviationSão Paulo J. Math. Sci.
ISSN (print)1982-6907
ISSN (online)2316-9028

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