How to format your references using the São Paulo Journal of Mathematical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for São Paulo Journal of Mathematical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smeeding, T.M.: Economics. Adjusting to the fertility bust. Science. 346, 163–164 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Matsuda, N., Tanaka, K.: Cell biology: Tagged tags engage disposal. Nature. 524, 294–295 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Cao, A., Romanowicz, B., Takeuchi, N.: An observation of PKJKP: inferences on inner core shear properties. Science. 308, 1453–1455 (2005)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ogawa, H., Ishiguro, K.-I., Gaubatz, S., Livingston, D.M., Nakatani, Y.: A complex with chromatin modifiers that occupies E2F- and Myc-responsive genes in G0 cells. Science. 296, 1132–1136 (2002)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pétrowski, A., Ben-Hamida, S.: Evolutionary Algorithms. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2017)
An edited book
Craswell, E., Bonnell, M., Bossio, D., Demuth, S., Giesen, N.V.D. eds: Integrated Assessment of Water Resources and Global Change: A North-South Analysis. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2007)
A chapter in an edited book
Miftahof, R.N., Nam, H.G.: Continual Model of the Detrusor. In: Nam, H.G. (ed.) Biomechanics of the Human Urinary Bladder. pp. 73–85. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for São Paulo Journal of Mathematical Sciences.

Blog post
Davis, J.: Giant Ancient Skull Unearthed In Alaska May Have Once Belonged To A “King Bear”


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Radioactive Sources: Opportunities Exist for Federal Agencies to Strengthen Transportation Security. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2017)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bodenmiller, J.J.: A quantitative relational analysis of leadership style and leader-accountability in nonprofit organizations, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J.: Peter Allen Dies at 96; Longtime Host of Met Opera’s Radio Broadcasts, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSão Paulo Journal of Mathematical Sciences
AbbreviationSão Paulo J. Math. Sci.
ISSN (print)1982-6907
ISSN (online)2316-9028

Other styles