How to format your references using the São Paulo Journal of Mathematical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for São Paulo Journal of Mathematical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McMillan, P.F.: Geochemistry. A stranger in paradise. Science. 310, 1125–1126 (2005)
A journal article with 2 authors
Müller, U.K., Kranenbarg, S.: Physiology. Power at the tip of the tongue. Science. 304, 217–219 (2004)
A journal article with 3 authors
Fiorillo, C.D., Tobler, P.N., Schultz, W.: Discrete coding of reward probability and uncertainty by dopamine neurons. Science. 299, 1898–1902 (2003)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wiederhecker, G.S., Chen, L., Gondarenko, A., Lipson, M.: Controlling photonic structures using optical forces. Nature. 462, 633–636 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raju, K.S.N.: Fluid Mechanics, Heat Transfer, and Mass Transfer. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2011)
An edited book
Nambiar, R., Poess, M. eds: Topics in Performance Evaluation, Measurement and Characterization: Third TPC Technology Conference, TPCTC 2011, Seattle, WA, USA, August 29-September 3, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Jin, H., Miyazaki, T.: Magnetic Anisotropy. In: Jin, H. (ed.) The Physics of Ferromagnetism. pp. 205–243. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for São Paulo Journal of Mathematical Sciences.

Blog post
Hale, T.: The American Museum Of Natural History Cuts Financial Ties To Fossil Fuel Industry,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Space Station: Cost Control Problems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1997)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duran, P.E.: Factors and prevention strategies to fight childhood obesity, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J.: Not for the First Time, Harvey Apologizes, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSão Paulo Journal of Mathematical Sciences
AbbreviationSão Paulo J. Math. Sci.
ISSN (print)1982-6907
ISSN (online)2316-9028

Other styles