How to format your references using the Revue francophone internationale de recherche infirmière citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revue francophone internationale de recherche infirmière. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. Biotech’s balancing act. Nature 2003;423:363.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pitaevskii L, Stringari S. Ultracold matter. The quest for superfluidity in Fermi gases. Science 2002;298:2144–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berkley KJ, Rapkin AJ, Papka RE. The pains of endometriosis. Science 2005;308:1587–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Do MTH, Kang SH, Xue T, Zhong H, Liao H-W, Bergles DE, et al. Photon capture and signalling by melanopsin retinal ganglion cells. Nature 2009;457:281–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Connor K, Aardema F. Clinician’s Handbook for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Drake G, editor. Springer Handbook of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. New York, NY: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Rassart J, Luyckx K, Moons P. Adjusting to Congenital Heart Disease in Adolescence: The Role of Patients’ Personality and Self. In: Callus E, Quadri E, editors. Clinical Psychology and Congenital Heart Disease: Lifelong Psychological Aspects and Interventions, Milano: Springer; 2015, p. 53–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revue francophone internationale de recherche infirmière.

Blog post
Fang J. Why Should Mammal Dads Care? IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Leveraging Best Practices to Help Ensure Successful Major Acquisitions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberson BN. Motivation towards learning perceived in Socratic seminar versus traditional lecture. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Mets May Start Spring With Outfield As Is. New York Times 2017:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRevue francophone internationale de recherche infirmière
ISSN (print)2352-8028
ScopeGeneral Nursing

Other styles