How to format your references using the Revue Francophone d'Orthoptie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revue Francophone d'Orthoptie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott A. Levodopa: the story so far. Nature 2010;466:S6-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heyduk AF, Nocera DG. Hydrogen produced from hydrohalic acid solutions by a two-electron mixed-valence photocatalyst. Science 2001;293:1639–41.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pagel M, Venditti C, Meade A. Large punctuational contribution of speciation to evolutionary divergence at the molecular level. Science 2006;314:119–21.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fan Z, Sun Y, Di Chen, Tay D, Chen W, Deng CX, et al. Acoustic tweezing cytometry for live-cell subcellular modulation of intracellular cytoskeleton contractility. Sci Rep 2013;3:2176.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG. MAK- und BAT-Werte-Liste 2013. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2013.
An edited book
Tempo R. Randomized Algorithms for Analysis and Control of Uncertain Systems: With Applications. 2nd ed. 2013. London: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Rao C, Darzi A, Athanasiou T. An Introduction to Decision Analysis. In: Darzi A, Athanasiou T, editors. Evidence Synthesis in Healthcare: A Practical Handbook for Clinicians, London: Springer; 2011, p. 127–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revue Francophone d'Orthoptie.

Blog post
Andrews R. Optical Illusion Zebra Crossings Are Appearing In India. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Automated Information Systems Security in Federal Civil Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Turkel CC. Female leaders’ 360-degree self -perception accuracy for leadership competencies and skills. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J. Theater Evokes a Non-Disposable Experience, And It Starts With What’s Served at the Bar. New York Times 2017:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRevue Francophone d'Orthoptie
ISSN (print)1876-2204

Other styles