How to format your references using the Revista Europea de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Europea de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schneier, B. (2012). Securing medical research: a cybersecurity point of view. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6088), 1527–1529.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zilles, K., & Amunts, K. (2012). Neuroscience. Segregation and wiring in the brain. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6076), 1582–1584.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shalm, L. K., Adamson, R. B. A., & Steinberg, A. M. (2009). Squeezing and over-squeezing of triphotons. Nature, 457(7225), 67–70.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ordonio, R. L., Ito, Y., Hatakeyama, A., Ohmae-Shinohara, K., Kasuga, S., Tokunaga, T., Mizuno, H., Kitano, H., Matsuoka, M., & Sazuka, T. (2014). Gibberellin deficiency pleiotropically induces culm bending in sorghum: an insight into sorghum semi-dwarf breeding. Scientific Reports, 4, 5287.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg, S. M. (2011). The Controller’s Function. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wilbanks, T. J., & Fernandez, S. (Eds.). (2014). Climate Change and Infrastructure, Urban Systems, and Vulnerabilities. Island Press/Center for Resource Economics.
A chapter in an edited book
Jung, J., & Kim, D. (2010). Wireless Network of Collaborative Physiological Signal Devices in a U-Healthcare System. In G. S. Tomar, R.-S. Chang, O. Gervasi, T.-H. Kim, & S. K. Bandyopadhyay (Eds.), Advanced Computer Science and Information Technology: Second International Conference, AST 2010, Miyazaki, Japan, June 23-25, 2010. Proceedings (pp. 39–55). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Europea de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 20). Fly Over Pluto With This Animated Video From NASA’s New Horizons. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Information Technology: FAA Has Many Investment Management Capabilities in Place, but More Oversight of Operational Systems Is Needed (GAO-04-822). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vu, M. H. (2010). Efficiency of pair-wise and multiple alignment algorithms in computational biology [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery, M. (2017, August 8). Uneven Gains For Graduates Of Walmart U. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schneier, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Schneier, 2012; Zilles & Amunts, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zilles & Amunts, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Shalm et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ordonio et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Europea de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa
ISSN (print)1019-6838

Other styles