How to format your references using the Revista Europea de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Europea de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McFall-Ngai, M. (2007). Adaptive immunity: care for the community. Nature, 445(7124), 153.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hines, P. J., & Zahn, L. M. (2012). Plant metabolism. Green pathways. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6089), 1657.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mani, R. G., Kriisa, A., & Wegscheider, W. (2013). Size-dependent giant-magnetoresistance in millimeter scale GaAs/AlGaAs 2D electron devices. Scientific Reports, 3, 2747.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Perozo, E., Cortes, D. M., Sompornpisut, P., Kloda, A., & Martinac, B. (2002). Open channel structure of MscL and the gating mechanism of mechanosensitive channels. Nature, 418(6901), 942–948.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cuddy-Keane, M., Hammond, A., & Peat, A. (2014). Modernism: Keywords. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
DeMaris, A. (2013). Converting Data into Evidence: A Statistics Primer for the Medical Practitioner (S. H. Selman, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dobrescu, R., & Ichim, L. (2008). Automatic Data Acquisition and Signal Processing in the Field of Virology. In P. Perner & O. Salvetti (Eds.), Advances in Mass Data Analysis of Images and Signals in Medicine, Biotechnology, Chemistry and Food Industry: Third International Conference, MDA 2008 Leipzig, Germany, July 14, 2008 Proceedings (pp. 52–61). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Europea de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 23). First Collision In Most Powerful Particle Collider Ever. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Federal Fleets: Overall Increase in Number of Vehicles Masks That Some Agencies Decreased Their Fleets (GAO-12-780). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olszewski, R. M. (2012). Donor Motivations for Donating to a Nonprofit Without a Previous Relationship [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dinardo, K. (2016, July 29). A Lakeside Art Deco Hotel Shines Anew. New York Times, TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McFall-Ngai, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Hines & Zahn, 2012; McFall-Ngai, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hines & Zahn, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Mani et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Perozo et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Europea de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa
ISSN (print)1019-6838

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