How to format your references using the Revista Europea de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Europea de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Epstein, J. M. (2009). Modelling to contain pandemics. Nature, 460(7256), 687.
A journal article with 2 authors
Petersen, C. P., & Reddien, P. W. (2008). Smed-betacatenin-1 is required for anteroposterior blastema polarity in planarian regeneration. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5861), 327–330.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cross, C. P., Cyrenne, D.-L. M., & Brown, G. R. (2013). Sex differences in sensation-seeking: a meta-analysis. Scientific Reports, 3, 2486.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Peng, Y.-P., Yuan, X., Zhang, J., & Zhang, L. (2014). The effect of La₂O₃ in Tm3+-doped germanate-tellurite glasses for ~2 μm emission. Scientific Reports, 4, 5256.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morrow, E., Boaz, A., Brearley, S., & Ross, F. (2011). Handbook of Service User Involvement in Nursing and Healthcare Research. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Steiber, A. (2016). The Silicon Valley Model: Management for Entrepreneurship (S. Alänge, Ed.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Prodan, E., & Schulz-Baldes, H. (2016). The Topological Invariants and Their Interrelations. In H. Schulz-Baldes (Ed.), Bulk and Boundary Invariants for Complex Topological Insulators: From K-Theory to Physics (pp. 113–143). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Europea de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, May 20). Five Amazing Ultrasound Inventions Set To Change The World (And Not A Pregnancy Scan In Sight). IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Delays in Critical Air Traffic Control Modernization Projects Require Increased FAA Attention to Existing Systems (T-IMTEC-91-14). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alzaaq, A. Y. (2017). Arabic adaptation of loanwords: An empirical examination of pharyngealization and vowel epenthesis [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J. C., Jr. (2017, April 4). Top State Court Deals Facebook a Setback. New York Times, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Epstein, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Epstein, 2009; Petersen & Reddien, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Petersen & Reddien, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Cross et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Peng et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Europea de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa
ISSN (print)1019-6838

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