How to format your references using the Revista Europea de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Europea de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sodeoka, M. (2011). Chemistry. Efficient fluorination of organic molecules with chiral anions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6063), 1651–1652.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weaver, B. A. A., & Cleveland, D. W. (2007). Comment on “A centrosome-independent role for gamma-TuRC proteins in the spindle assembly checkpoint.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5827), 982; author reply 982.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, J.-T., Chen, C., & Kawazoe, Y. (2013). New carbon allotropes with helical chains of complementary chirality connected by ethene-type π-conjugation. Scientific Reports, 3, 3077.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Crowhurst, J. C., Goncharov, A. F., Sadigh, B., Evans, C. L., Morrall, P. G., Ferreira, J. L., & Nelson, A. J. (2006). Synthesis and characterization of the nitrides of platinum and iridium. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5765), 1275–1278.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson, J. C., & Naeim, F. (2012). Basic Structural Dynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fayad, M., & Johnson, B. R. (Eds.). (2016). 3D Imaging in Endodontics: A New Era in Diagnosis and Treatment. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Toulouevski, Y. N., & Zinurov, I. Y. (2010). Energy (Heat) Balances of Furnace. In I. Y. Zinurov (Ed.), Innovation in Electric Arc Furnaces: Scientific Basis for Selection (pp. 65–80). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Europea de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 30). Sugary Drinks may Contribute to Almost 200,000 Deaths Worldwide each Year. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). DOT Contract Oversight (RCED-93-67R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Viator, L. (2017). Thanatos [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, May 4). Mets Thank Troops In a Meaningful Setting. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sodeoka, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Sodeoka, 2011; Weaver & Cleveland, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weaver & Cleveland, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Wang et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Crowhurst et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Europea de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa
ISSN (print)1019-6838

Other styles