How to format your references using the Revista Española de Cardiología citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Española de Cardiología. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldstein RH. Paleoenvironment. Clues from fluid inclusions. Science. 2001;294(5544):1009-1011.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barouch DH, Deeks SG. Immunologic strategies for HIV-1 remission and eradication. Science. 2014;345(6193):169-174.
A journal article with 3 authors
McCormick MI, Watson S-A, Munday PL. Ocean acidification reverses competition for space as habitats degrade. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3280.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Becker MA, Vaxenburg R, Nedelcu G, et al. Bright triplet excitons in caesium lead halide perovskites. Nature. 2018;553(7687):189-193.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Darbyshire P, Hampton D. Hedge Fund Modelling and Analysis Using Excel and VBA. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2012.
An edited book
Harmsen F, Proper E, Schalkwijk F, Barjis J, Overbeek S, eds. Practice-Driven Research on Enterprise Transformation: Second Working Conference, PRET 2010, Delft, The Netherlands, November 11, 2010. Proceedings. Vol 69. Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
A.r. B, Khapra MM, Bhattacharyya P. Lost in Translation: Viability of Machine Translation for Cross Language Sentiment Analysis. In: Gelbukh A, ed. Computational Linguistics and Intelligent Text Processing: 14th International Conference, CICLing 2013, Samos, Greece, March 24-30, 2013, Proceedings, Part II. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2013:38-49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Española de Cardiología.

Blog post
Andrew E. Assembly Of The World’s Largest Radio Telescope Has Begun! IFLScience. Published July 26, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Army Budget: Potential Reductions to Budget Requests for Selected ADP Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cornelius DA. The value of Scrum to organizations: A case study. Published online 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. U.S. Should Know There’s No Sulking in Soccer. New York Times. December 3, 2010:B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Española de Cardiología
ISSN (print)0300-8932

Other styles