How to format your references using the Revista Española de Cardiología citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Española de Cardiología. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ye J. Cell biology. Protease sets site-1 on lysosomes. Science. 2011;333(6038):50-51.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wills-Karp M, Karp CL. Biomedicine. Eosinophils in asthma: remodeling a tangled tale. Science. 2004;305(5691):1726-1729.
A journal article with 3 authors
Carlson ME, Hsu M, Conboy IM. Imbalance between pSmad3 and Notch induces CDK inhibitors in old muscle stem cells. Nature. 2008;454(7203):528-532.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yu I-M, Zhang W, Holdaway HA, et al. Structure of the immature dengue virus at low pH primes proteolytic maturation. Science. 2008;319(5871):1834-1837.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eales L-J. Immunology for Life Scientists. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Clark JE, ed. Albert Cleage Jr. and the Black Madonna and Child. Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Fraenkel AA. As a Soldier in the First World War. In: Cohen-Mansfield J, ed. Recollections of a Jewish Mathematician in Germany. Springer International Publishing; 2016:103-114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Española de Cardiología.

Blog post
Andrew E. Why Study Evolution? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Customs Has Made Progress on Automated Commercial Environment System, but It Faces Long-Standing Management Challenges and New Risks. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Whitbeck DC. Mapping of Sonoran Desert vegetation communities of San Cristobal Valley and southern Sentinel Plains, Barry M. Goldwater Range and variables influencing route proliferation in the Barry M. Goldwater Range’s San Cristobal Valley. Published online 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J. Reading Toward Recovery. New York Times. September 4, 2016:BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Española de Cardiología
ISSN (print)0300-8932

Other styles