How to format your references using the Revista Española de Cardiología citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Española de Cardiología. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mazur E. Education. Farewell, lecture? Science. 2009;323(5910):50-51.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liou JC, Johnson NL. Planetary science. Risks in space from orbiting debris. Science. 2006;311(5759):340-341.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marinova MM, Aharonson O, Asphaug E. Mega-impact formation of the Mars hemispheric dichotomy. Nature. 2008;453(7199):1216-1219.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Petrelli A, Gilestro GF, Lanzardo S, Comoglio PM, Migone N, Giordano S. The endophilin-CIN85-Cbl complex mediates ligand-dependent downregulation of c-Met. Nature. 2002;416(6877):187-190.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Voit B, Haag R, Appelhans D, Welzel PB. Bio- and Multifunctional Polymer Architectures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
Resch MM, Bez W, Focht E, Kobayashi H, Qi J, Roller S, eds. Sustained Simulation Performance 2015: Proceedings of the Joint Workshop on Sustained Simulation Performance, University of Stuttgart (HLRS) and Tohoku University, 2015. Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Kolaczyk ED, Csárdi G. Descriptive Analysis of Network Graph Characteristics. In: Csárdi G, ed. Statistical Analysis of Network Data with R. Use R! Springer; 2014:43-67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Española de Cardiología.

Blog post
Andrew D. Why Artificial Intelligence Could Be Key To Future-Proofing The Grid. IFLScience. Published January 30, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Health Careers Opportunity Program: Process for Awarding Competitive Grants Included Independent Review. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oliva DA. Technological Mediation: The Implications of Technology on the Human Experience. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt LF. One-of-a-Kind Gifts, All Made by Hand. New York Times. November 20, 2005:14LI17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Española de Cardiología
ISSN (print)0300-8932

Other styles