How to format your references using the Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meyerowitz EM. Plants compared to animals: the broadest comparative study of development. Science. 2002 Feb 22;295(5559):1482–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Arim M, Barbosa O. Humped pattern of diversity: fact or artifact? Science. 2002 Sep 13;297(5588):1763; discussion 1763.
A journal article with 3 authors
Santra MK, Wajapeyee N, Green MR. F-box protein FBXO31 mediates cyclin D1 degradation to induce G1 arrest after DNA damage. Nature. 2009 Jun 4;459(7247):722–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Autumn K, Liang YA, Hsieh ST, Zesch W, Chan WP, Kenny TW, et al. Adhesive force of a single gecko foot-hair. Nature. 2000 Jun 8;405(6787):681–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Akcoglu MA, Bartha PFA, Ha DM. Analysis in Vector Spaces. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Lang J, Lin F, Wang J, editors. Knowledge Science, Engineering and Management: First International Conference, KSEM 2006, Guilin, China, August 5-8, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. XVI, 664 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 4092).
A chapter in an edited book
Grob A, Colleran C, McStay B. UBF an Essential Player in Maintenance of Active NORs and Nucleolar Formation. In: Olson MOJ, editor. The Nucleolus. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. p. 83–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo.

Blog post
Andrew E. New Mineral Discovered With A Unique Composition [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Disponível em:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA Property: Poor Lending Practices and Controls at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Apr. Report No.: NSIAD-94-116.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kang EY. Late Twentieth-Century Piano Concert Etudes: A Style Study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. This Means Something, as Well as Something Else. New York Times. 2016 Oct 14;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
ISSN (print)0036-4665
ISSN (online)1678-9946

Other styles