How to format your references using the Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schneider MD. Development. A cardiac nonproliferation treaty. Science. 2011 Apr 22;332(6028):426–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cuffey KM, Vimeux F. Covariation of carbon dioxide and temperature from the Vostok ice core after deuterium-excess correction. Nature. 2001 Aug 2;412(6846):523–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Erez E, Fass D, Bibi E. How intramembrane proteases bury hydrolytic reactions in the membrane. Nature. 2009 May 21;459(7245):371–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jia Q, Liu Y, Liu H, Li S. Mmp1 and Mmp2 cooperatively induce Drosophila fat body cell dissociation with distinct roles. Sci Rep. 2014 Dec 18;4:7535.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laplante PA, Ovaska SJ. Real-Time Systems Design and Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Meinders ER. Optical Data Storage: Phase-Change Media and Recording. Mijiritskii AV, Pieterson L van, Wuttig M, editors. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. VIII, 174 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Brombin C, Salmaso L, Fontanella L, Ippoliti L, Fusilli C. Applications of NPC Methodology. In: Salmaso L, Fontanella L, Ippoliti L, Fusilli C, editors. Parametric and Nonparametric Inference for Statistical Dynamic Shape Analysis with Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 73–103. (SpringerBriefs in Statistics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo.

Blog post
Andrew E. Stunning, Crystal-Clear Images Of Pluto – But What Do They Mean? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Disponível em:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. International Space Station: Significant Challenges May Limit Onboard Research. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Nov. Report No.: GAO-10-9.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Winter JM. Investigating the biosynthesis of halogenated meroterpenoid natural products from marine actinomycetes [Doctoral dissertation]. [La Jolla, CA]: University of California San Diego; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. As Museum Considers Uses for Land, Gardeners Ponder Their Fate. New York Times. 2007 Oct 7;14LI6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
ISSN (print)0036-4665
ISSN (online)1678-9946

Other styles