How to format your references using the Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Karp PD. Pathway databases: a case study in computational symbolic theories. Science. 2001 Sep 14;293(5537):2040–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kamena F, Spang A. Tip20p prohibits back-fusion of COPII vesicles with the endoplasmic reticulum. Science. 2004 Apr 9;304(5668):286–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Takeuchi H, Nakatsuji N, Suemori H. Endodermal differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells to insulin-producing cells in 3D culture. Sci Rep. 2014 Mar 27;4:4488.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Forterre Y, Skotheim JM, Dumais J, Mahadevan L. How the Venus flytrap snaps. Nature. 2005 Jan 27;433(7024):421–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cannon CM. An Executive’s Guide to Fundraising Operations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Boquet P, Lemichez E, editors. Bacterial Virulence Factors and Rho GTPases. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. X, 198 p. 28 illus., 20 illus. in color. (Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology; vol. 291).
A chapter in an edited book
Uustalu T, Vene V. The Essence of Dataflow Programming. In: Horváth Z, editor. Central European Functional Programming School: First Summer School, CEFP 2005, Budapest, Hungary, July 4-15, 2005, Revised Selected Lectures. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 135–67. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo.

Blog post
Davis J. No, The Viral Video Of The Polar Bear With The Dog Is Not “Cute”, It’s Dangerous [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Disponível em:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ADP Systems: FDA Can Reduce Development Risks for Its Import Information System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Sep. Report No.: IMTEC-88-42.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sexton SM. Progress Toward Analytic Predictions of Supersonic Hydrocarbon-Air Combustion: Computation of Ignition Times and Supersonic Mixing Layers [Doctoral dissertation]. [La Jolla, CA]: University of California San Diego; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices Reject Immunity Below State Level. New York Times. 2006 Apr 26;A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
ISSN (print)0036-4665
ISSN (online)1678-9946

Other styles