How to format your references using the Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sur M. Breathing life into biology. Nature. 2005 Jul 28;436(7050):487.
A journal article with 2 authors
Long P, Corfas G. Neuroscience. To learn is to myelinate. Science. 2014 Oct 17;346(6207):298–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Akselrod M, Herzog MH, Öğmen H. Tracing path-guided apparent motion in human primary visual cortex V1. Sci Rep. 2014 Aug 14;4:6063.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bennett EJ, Shaler TA, Woodman B, Ryu K-Y, Zaitseva TS, Becker CH, et al. Global changes to the ubiquitin system in Huntington’s disease. Nature. 2007 Aug 9;448(7154):704–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davies D. Philosophy of the Performing Arts. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Wang Q, editor. Bones, Genetics, and Behavior of Rhesus Macaques: Macaca Mulatta of Cayo Santiago and Beyond. 1st ed. New York, NY: Springer; 2012. XXII, 310 p. (Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects).
A chapter in an edited book
Wildschut T, Sedikides C, Cordaro F. Self-Regulatory Interplay Between Negative and Positive Emotions: The Case of Loneliness and Nostalgia. In: Nyklíček I, Vingerhoets A, Zeelenberg M, editors. Emotion Regulation and Well-Being. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. p. 67–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo.

Blog post
Andrews R. A Bird’s Internal Compass Is Made Out Of A Light-Sensitive Protein [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Disponível em:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Medical ADP Systems: Composite Health Care System Is Not Ready to Be Deployed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 May. Report No.: IMTEC-92-54.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flynn MJ. Lifeguard employability skills [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Uncertainty Now in a Golden Youth’s Trajectory. New York Times. 2007 Aug 1;A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
ISSN (print)0036-4665
ISSN (online)1678-9946

Other styles