How to format your references using the Revista de Biología Tropical (International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista de Biología Tropical (International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reimold, W.U. 2003. Geosciences. Impact cratering comes of age. Science 300: 1889–1890.
A journal article with 2 authors
Efferson, C. & S. Vogt. 2013. Viewing men’s faces does not lead to accurate predictions of trustworthiness. Sci. Rep. 3: 1047.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bockrath, C., C. Ballhaus & A. Holzheid. 2004. Fractionation of the platinum-group elements during mantle melting. Science 305: 1951–1953.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, F., Z. Wang, W. Dong, C. Sun, H. Wang, A. Song, L. He, W. Fang, F. Chen & N. Teng. 2014. Transcriptomic and proteomic analysis reveals mechanisms of embryo abortion during chrysanthemum cross breeding. Sci. Rep. 4: 6536.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Çayirci, E. & C. Rong. 2009. Security in Wireless Ad Hoc and Sensor Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Bray, M., B. Adamson & M. Mason (Eds.). 2014. Comparative Education Research: Approaches and Methods, CERC Studies in Comparative Education. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Krueger, G.R.F., M. Wagner & C. Chandrasekhar. 2013. Pathology of the Gastrointestinal Tract, p. 191–230. In G.R.F. Krueger & L.M. Buja (eds.). Atlas of Anatomic Pathology with Imaging: A Correlative Diagnostic Companion. Springer, London.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista de Biología Tropical (International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation).

Blog post
Hale, T. 2016. Which European City Takes The Most Drugs, According To Sewage Wastewater Analysis? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Higher Education: More Information Could Help Education Determine the Extent to Which Eligible Servicemembers Serving on Active Duty Benefited from Relief Provided by Lenders and Schools. No. GAO-07-11, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, B.K. 2015. Tracking of truck flows for drayage efficiency analysis. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. 2017. Living the Bike Life. New York Times MB7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reimold 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Reimold 2003, Efferson & Vogt 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Efferson & Vogt 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista de Biología Tropical (International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation)
AbbreviationRev. Biol. Trop.
ISSN (print)0034-7744
ISSN (online)2215-2075
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Other styles