How to format your references using the Revista de Biología Tropical (International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista de Biología Tropical (International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Silverberg, R. 2000. Pluto story. Nature 403: 367.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnson, D.D.P. & J.H. Fowler. 2011. The evolution of overconfidence. Nature 477: 317–320.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pielke, R., Jr, T. Wigley & C. Green. 2008. Dangerous assumptions. Nature 452: 531–532.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Keller, P.J., A.D. Schmidt, J. Wittbrodt & E.H.K. Stelzer. 2008. Reconstruction of zebrafish early embryonic development by scanned light sheet microscopy. Science 322: 1065–1069.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Woolley, T. 2013. Low Impact Building. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.
An edited book
Brady, B.H.G. 2006. Rock Mechanics for underground mining: Third edition. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Tomasi, D., F. Gaiotti & G.V. Jones. 2013. Phenology, p. 55–64. In F. Gaiotti & G.V. Jones (eds.). The Power of the Terroir: The Case Study of Prosecco Wine. Springer, Basel.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista de Biología Tropical (International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation).

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Leonard Nimoy Has Passed Away At Age 83 [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Aviation Security: Development of New Security Technology Has Not Met Expectations. No. RCED-94-142, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eggleston, B.P. 2014. An Investigation of the Difference in Student Achievement during the Middle School Transition Years. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M. 2017. Uma Thurman to Star On Broadway This Fall. New York Times C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Silverberg 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Silverberg 2000, Johnson & Fowler 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johnson & Fowler 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Keller et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista de Biología Tropical (International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation)
AbbreviationRev. Biol. Trop.
ISSN (print)0034-7744
ISSN (online)2215-2075
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Other styles