How to format your references using the Revista de Biología Tropical (International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista de Biología Tropical (International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sloboda, J. 2008. Science and Music: the ear of the beholder. Nature 454: 32–33.
A journal article with 2 authors
Azam, F. & A.Z. Worden. 2004. Oceanography. Microbes, molecules, and marine ecosystems. Science 303: 1622–1624.
A journal article with 3 authors
Blomster, J.P., H. Neff & M.D. Glascock. 2005. Olmec pottery production and export in ancient Mexico determined through elemental analysis. Science 307: 1068–1072.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Donelan, J.M., Q. Li, V. Naing, J.A. Hoffer, D.J. Weber & A.D. Kuo. 2008. Biomechanical energy harvesting: generating electricity during walking with minimal user effort. Science 319: 807–810.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boero, R. 2015. Behavioral Computational Social Science. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Li, S., A.E. Saddik, M. Wang, T. Mei, N. Sebe, S. Yan, R. Hong & C. Gurrin (Eds.). 2013. Advances in Multimedia Modeling: 19th International Conference, MMM 2013, Huangshan, China, January 7-9, 2013, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Drechsel, P., O. Mahjoub & B. Keraita. 2015. Social and Cultural Dimensions in Wastewater Use, p. 75–92. In P. Drechsel, M. Qadir & D. Wichelns (eds.). Wastewater: Economic Asset in an Urbanizing World. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista de Biología Tropical (International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation).

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2017. Physicists Use Einstein’s ‘Spooky’ Entanglement To Invent Super-Sensitive Gravitational Wave Detector [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Bridge Safety: Structural Soundness of the Zilwaukee Bridge. No. RCED-88-96, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Borgman, G.A. 2017. Loneliness and the Hermitic Psyche. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess, B. & S. Eder. 2017. Donating Profits From Foreign Officials Is Complicated Task, Trump Group Says. New York Times A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sloboda 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Azam & Worden 2004, Sloboda 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Azam & Worden 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Donelan et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista de Biología Tropical (International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation)
AbbreviationRev. Biol. Trop.
ISSN (print)0034-7744
ISSN (online)2215-2075
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences

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