How to format your references using the Revista de Biología Tropical (International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista de Biología Tropical (International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tokura, Y. 2006. Materials science. Multiferroics as quantum electromagnets. Science 312: 1481–1482.
A journal article with 2 authors
Finkel, T. & N.J. Holbrook. 2000. Oxidants, oxidative stress and the biology of ageing. Nature 408: 239–247.
A journal article with 3 authors
Falenty, A., T.C. Hansen & W.F. Kuhs. 2014. Formation and properties of ice XVI obtained by emptying a type sII clathrate hydrate. Nature 516: 231–233.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Krot, A.N., H. Yurimoto, I.D. Hutcheon & G.J. MacPherson. 2005. Chronology of the early Solar System from chondrule-bearing calcium-aluminium-rich inclusions. Nature 434: 998–1001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Albalate, A. & W. Minker. 2013. Semi-Supervised and Unsupervised Machine Learning. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Torra, V. & Y. Narukawa (Eds.). 2008. Modeling Decisions for Artificial Intelligence: 5th International Conference, MDAI 2008 Sabadell, Spain, October 30-31, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Schulze, C. & M. Liwicki. 2014. Optimized SIFT Feature Matching for Image Retrieval, p. 102–115. In A. Nürnberger, S. Stober, B. Larsen & M. Detyniecki (eds.). Adaptive Multimedia Retrieval: Semantics, Context, and Adaptation: 10th International Workshop, AMR 2012, Copenhagen, Denmark, October 24-25, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista de Biología Tropical (International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation).

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. Plastic Bags Efficiently Recycled Into Diesel Fuel [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Railroad Safety: Accidents in Pennsylvania and Related Federal Enforcement Actions. No. RCED-89-52, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wolzinger, R. 2010. Strengthening Career and Technical Education in the California Community College System during the financial and labor market crisis. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. 2014. Botswana Runner Faces 2-Year Ban. New York Times B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Michael 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bagla 2000, Ohnaka 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Finkel & Holbrook 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Hoffmann et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista de Biología Tropical (International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation)
AbbreviationRev. Biol. Trop.
ISSN (print)0034-7744
ISSN (online)2215-2075
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Other styles