How to format your references using the Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2004. Rewarding season. Nature 431, 1019.
A journal article with 2 authors
James, J.R., Vale, R.D., 2012. Biophysical mechanism of T-cell receptor triggering in a reconstituted system. Nature 487, 64–69.
A journal article with 3 authors
Max, C.E., Canalizo, G., de Vries, W.H., 2007. Locating the two black holes in NGC 6240. Science 316, 1877–1880.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fujishiro, T., Kawasaki, H., Aihara, M., Saeki, T., Ymagishi, R., Atarashi, T., Mayama, C., Araie, M., 2014. Establishment of an experimental ferret ocular hypertension model for the analysis of central visual pathway damage. Sci. Rep. 4, 6501.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chase, C.W., 2016. Next Generation Demand Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Brzeziński, T., Gómez Pardo, J.L., Shestakov, I., Smith, P.F. (Eds.), 2008. Modules and Comodules, Trends in Mathematics. Birkhäuser, Basel.
A chapter in an edited book
Tümmler, J., Stiel, H., Jung, R., Janulewicz, K.A., Nickles, P.V., Sandner, W., 2009. Towards an 100 Hz X-Ray Laser Station, in: Lewis, C.L.S., Riley, D. (Eds.), X-Ray Lasers 2008, Springer Proceedings in Physics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 43–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Trauma Of War Alters The Genes Of Child Soldiers To Make Them More Vulnerable To Disease [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Information Technology: FBI Is Implementing Key Acquisition Methods on Its New Case Management System, but Related Agencywide Guidance Needs to Be Improved (No. GAO-08-1014). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adaligil, E., 2010. Electron transfer through self-assembled monolayers of alkaneselenols and alkanethiols on mercury electrode (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dorman, J.L., 2017. Art Deco Comfort by the French Quarter. New York Times TR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (James and Vale, 2012; Smaglik, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (James and Vale, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Fujishiro et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleRespiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
AbbreviationRespir. Physiol. Neurobiol.
ISSN (print)1569-9048
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
General Neuroscience

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