How to format your references using the Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cole-Turner, R., 2011. Genome-sequencing anniversary. What defines us? Science 331, 548.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kumar, S., Vaux, D.L., 2002. Apoptosis. A cinderella caspase takes center stage. Science 297, 1290–1291.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kingon, A.I., Maria, J.P., Streiffer, S.K., 2000. Alternative dielectrics to silicon dioxide for memory and logic devices. Nature 406, 1032–1038.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hanyu-Nakamura, K., Sonobe-Nojima, H., Tanigawa, A., Lasko, P., Nakamura, A., 2008. Drosophila Pgc protein inhibits P-TEFb recruitment to chromatin in primordial germ cells. Nature 451, 730–733.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harris, C., 2006. Electricity Markets. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Horita, M., Koizumi, H. (Eds.), 2009. Innovations in Collaborative Urban Regeneration, cSUR-UT Series: Library for Sustainable Urban Regeneration. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Heß, M., Popov, V.L., 2015. Normal Contact with Adhesion, in: Heß, M. (Ed.), Method of Dimensionality Reduction in Contact Mechanics and Friction. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 39–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Video: deep-sea showdown between squid and fish [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Federal Aviation Administration: Key Issues in Ensuring the Efficient Development and Safe Operation of the Next Generation Air Transportation System (No. GAO-07-636T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Villa, J., 2017. Multicultural Training for Mental Health Professionals Working in the Juvenile Justice System (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M.J., 2017. ADP Says Activist Investor Seeks Half Of Its Board Seats and a New C.E.O. New York Times B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cole-Turner, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Cole-Turner, 2011; Kumar and Vaux, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kumar and Vaux, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Hanyu-Nakamura et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleRespiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
AbbreviationRespir. Physiol. Neurobiol.
ISSN (print)1569-9048
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
General Neuroscience

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