How to format your references using the Research on Chemical Intermediates citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research on Chemical Intermediates. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. S. Alan Stern, Nature 424, 639 (2003).
A journal article with 2 authors
1. J. M. Blander and R. Medzhitov, Nature 440, 808 (2006).
A journal article with 3 authors
1. K.-I. Hanada, J. W. Yewdell, and J. C. Yang, Nature 427, 252 (2004).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. R. E. Evans, M. K. Bhaskar, D. D. Sukachev, C. T. Nguyen, A. Sipahigil, M. J. Burek, B. Machielse, G. H. Zhang, A. S. Zibrov, E. Bielejec, H. Park, M. Lončar, and M. D. Lukin, Science 362, 662 (2018).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. J. C. Alacoque, Direct Eigen Control for Induction Machines and Synchronous Motors (A John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2012).
An edited book
1. B. B. Brumley and J. Röning, editors , Secure IT Systems: 21st Nordic Conference, NordSec 2016, Oulu, Finland, November 2-4, 2016. Proceedings (Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016).
A chapter in an edited book
1. S. Knauth, L. Kaufmann, C. Jost, R. Kistler, and A. Klapproth, in Evaluating AAL Systems Through Competitive Benchmarking. Indoor Localization and Tracking: International Competition, EvAAL 2011, Competition in Valencia, Spain, July 25-29, 2011, and Final Workshop in Lecce, Italy, September 26, 2011. Revised Selected Papers, edited by S. Chessa and S. Knauth (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012), pp. 52–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research on Chemical Intermediates.

Blog post
1. S. Luntz, IFLScience (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office, Intellectual Property: Patent Office Should Strengthen Search Capabilities and Better Monitor Examiners’ Work (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2016).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. C. S. Boothe, The Effects of Prototype Medium on the User’s Overall Perception of Usability and Ability to Detect Usability Flaws, Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. M. Pols, New York Times BR18 (2015).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch on Chemical Intermediates
ISSN (print)0922-6168
ISSN (online)1568-5675
ScopeGeneral Chemistry

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