How to format your references using the Research in Transportation Business & Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Transportation Business & Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sachs, J. D. (2004). Seeking a global solution. Nature, 430(7001), 725–726.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carrington, J. C., & Ambros, V. (2003). Role of microRNAs in plant and animal development. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5631), 336–338.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stine, A. R., Huybers, P., & Fung, I. Y. (2009). Changes in the phase of the annual cycle of surface temperature. Nature, 457(7228), 435–440.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, C.-M., Chang, S.-W., Wu, Y.-J. J., Lin, J.-C., Ho, H.-H., Chou, T.-C., … Chen, J.-Y. (2014). Genetic variations in Toll-like receptors (TLRs 3/7/8) are associated with systemic lupus erythematosus in a Taiwanese population. Scientific Reports, 4, 3792.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deichmann, U. (2005). Flüchten, Mitmachen, Vergessen. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Pentikousis, K., Agüero, R., García-Arranz, M., & Papavassiliou, S. (Eds.). (2011). Mobile Networks and Management: Second International ICST Conference, MONAMI 2010, Santander, Spain, September 22-24, 2010, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 68). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, J. K. (2012). Introduction. In S. H. Kim (Ed.), Radiology Illustrated: Gynecologic Imaging (pp. 57–60). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Transportation Business & Management.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, May 20). Signs Of Comets Detected Around A Sun-Like Star. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Federal-Aid Highways: Increased Reliance on Contractors Can Pose Oversight Challenges for Federal and State Officials (No. GAO-08-198). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lord, V. (2015). Defining eating disorder recovery: A qualitative approach (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, S. (1993, November 14). Be of Good Fear. New York Times, p. 745.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sachs, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Carrington & Ambros, 2003; Sachs, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carrington & Ambros, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Stine, Huybers, & Fung, 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Transportation Business & Management
ISSN (print)2210-5395
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
General Decision Sciences
Management Science and Operations Research
Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

Other styles