How to format your references using the Research in Transportation Business & Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Transportation Business & Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coontz, R. (2012). Mysteries of astronomy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6085), 1090.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson, D. W. J., & Barnes, E. A. (2014). Periodic variability in the large-scale Southern Hemisphere atmospheric circulation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6171), 641–645.
A journal article with 3 authors
Polleux, F., Morrow, T., & Ghosh, A. (2000). Semaphorin 3A is a chemoattractant for cortical apical dendrites. Nature, 404(6778), 567–573.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Almeida, M. P., de Melo, F., Hor-Meyll, M., Salles, A., Walborn, S. P., Ribeiro, P. H. S., & Davidovich, L. (2007). Environment-induced sudden death of entanglement. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5824), 579–582.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hansen, K. L., & Zenobia, K. E. (2011). Civil Engineer’s Handbook of Professional Practice. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nicholson, W., & Baptiste-Roberts, K. (Eds.). (2014). Obesity During Pregnancy in Clinical Practice. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kshirsagar, M., Carbonell, J. G., Klein-Seetharaman, J., & Murugesan, K. (2016). Multitask Matrix Completion for Learning Protein Interactions Across Diseases. In M. Singh (Ed.), Research in Computational Molecular Biology: 20th Annual Conference, RECOMB 2016, Santa Monica, CA, USA, April 17-21, 2016, Proceedings (pp. 53–64). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Transportation Business & Management.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2015, October 7). Volcanic Eruptions Significantly Alter The Flow Of Rivers. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Motor Vehicle Regulations: Regulatory Cost Estimates Could Be Improved (RCED-92-110). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blanchard, E. J. (2010). Legato trombone: A survey of pedagogical resources [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S. (2017, June 15). Women Interrupted. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coontz, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Coontz, 2012; Thompson & Barnes, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson & Barnes, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Polleux et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Almeida et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Transportation Business & Management
ISSN (print)2210-5395
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
General Decision Sciences
Management Science and Operations Research
Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

Other styles