How to format your references using the Research in Transportation Business & Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Transportation Business & Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kreeger, K. (2003). The learning curve. Nature, 424(6945), 234–235.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bauch, C. T., & Galvani, A. P. (2013). Epidemiology. Social factors in epidemiology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6154), 47–49.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roughgarden, J., Oishi, M., & Akçay, E. (2006). Reproductive social behavior: cooperative games to replace sexual selection. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5763), 965–969.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Searchinger, T., Heimlich, R., Houghton, R. A., Dong, F., Elobeid, A., Fabiosa, J., … Yu, T.-H. (2008). Use of U.S. croplands for biofuels increases greenhouse gases through emissions from land-use change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5867), 1238–1240.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, C., & Meeking, D. (2013). How to Succeed at the Medical Interview. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hyman, D. (Ed.). (2005). Improving Healthcare: A Dose of Competition A Report By The Federal Trade Commission and Department of Justice (July, 2004), with various Supplementary Materials (Vol. 9). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Shi, J., Cheng, L., Gershon, E. S., & Liu, C. (2009). G72/G30 in Neuropsychiatric Disorders. In A. Lajtha, D. Javitt, & J. Kantrowitz (Eds.), Handbook of Neurochemistry and Molecular Neurobiology: Schizophrenia (pp. 91–106). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Transportation Business & Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, October 1). Using the Power of Evolution to Treat Cancer. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Attack Warning: ADP and Communication Modernization Programs for Warning and Assessment (No. IMTEC-87-23FS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, M. P. (2009). De la página a la pantalla: Memoria de la Guerra Civil española en la narrativa contemporánea (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, March 15). The Jazz Age Relived. New York Times, p. F8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Nibbering, 2014; Rice, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bauch & Galvani, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Roughgarden, Oishi, & Akçay, 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tsuchiya et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Transportation Business & Management
ISSN (print)2210-5395
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
General Decision Sciences
Management Science and Operations Research
Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

Other styles