How to format your references using the Research in Drama Education: The Journal of Applied Theatre and Performance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Drama Education: The Journal of Applied Theatre and Performance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stein, Ross S. 2004. “Geoscience. Tidal Triggering Caught in the Act.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 305 (5688): 1248–1249.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shneiderman, Ben, and Jennifer Preece. 2007. “Public Health. 911.Gov.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5814): 944.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shuman, E. S., J. F. Barry, and D. Demille. 2010. “Laser Cooling of a Diatomic Molecule.” Nature 467 (7317): 820–823.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Banerjee, Mayukh, Nilanjana Banerjee, Pritha Bhattacharjee, Debapriya Mondal, Paul R. Lythgoe, Mario Martínez, Jianxin Pan, David A. Polya, and Ashok K. Giri. 2013. “High Arsenic in Rice Is Associated with Elevated Genotoxic Effects in Humans.” Scientific Reports 3: 2195.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Keene, J. 2008. Clients with Complex Needs: Interprofessional Practice. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd.
An edited book
Ahrendt, Wolfgang, Bernhard Beckert, Richard Bubel, Reiner Hähnle, Peter H. Schmitt, and Mattias Ulbrich, eds. 2016. Deductive Software Verification – The KeY Book: From Theory to Practice. Vol. 10001. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Dolev, Shlomi, Juan Garay, Niv Gilboa, Vladimir Kolesnikov, and Yelena Yuditsky. 2013. “Towards Efficient Private Distributed Computation on Unbounded Input Streams.” In Applied Cryptography and Network Security: 11th International Conference, ACNS 2013, Banff, AB, Canada, June 25-28, 2013. Proceedings, edited by Michael Jacobson, Michael Locasto, Payman Mohassel, and Reihaneh Safavi-Naini, 69–83. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Drama Education: The Journal of Applied Theatre and Performance.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2016. “NASA Plans Exo-Brake Parachute Test To Bring Satellites Out Of Orbit.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1973. Common Interests of Government and Schools of Business and Administration in Improving Management in Government. 094536. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bauer, Stephanie Lynn. 2017. “Work-Life Balanced Culture, Work Flexibility, and Inducements: Impact on Perceived Organizational Attractiveness and Job Pursuit Intention.” Doctoral dissertation, Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2010. “Woods’s Downfall As Gripping As His Reign.” New York Times, August 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stein 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Stein 2004; Shneiderman and Preece 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shneiderman and Preece 2007)
  • Three authors: (Shuman, Barry, and Demille 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Banerjee et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Drama Education: The Journal of Applied Theatre and Performance
AbbreviationRes. Drama Educ.
ISSN (print)1356-9783
ISSN (online)1470-112X
ScopeLiterature and Literary Theory
Visual Arts and Performing Arts

Other styles