How to format your references using the Research in Drama Education: The Journal of Applied Theatre and Performance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Drama Education: The Journal of Applied Theatre and Performance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Farrar, James M. 2002. “Chemical Reactions. Steric and Solvent Effects in Ionic Reactions.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5563): 2222–2223.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kereszt, Attila, and Eva Kondorosi. 2011. “Plant Science. Unlocking the Door to Invasion.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 331 (6019): 865–866.
A journal article with 3 authors
Manabe, M., P. M. Barrett, and S. Isaji. 2000. “Palaeontology. A Refugium for Relics?” Nature 404 (6781): 953.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chao, Jyh-Rong, Evan Parganas, Kelli Boyd, Cheol Yi Hong, Joseph T. Opferman, and James N. Ihle. 2008. “Hax1-Mediated Processing of HtrA2 by Parl Allows Survival of Lymphocytes and Neurons.” Nature 452 (7183): 98–102.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Volpe, Medi Ann. 2013. Rethinking Christian Identity. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Kamm, Jürgen, and Birgit Neumann, eds. 2016. British TV Comedies: Cultural Concepts, Contexts and Controversies. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Davendra, Donald. 2010. “Evolutionary Algorithms and the Edge of Chaos.” In Evolutionary Algorithms and Chaotic Systems, edited by Ivan Zelinka, Sergej Celikovsky, Hendrik Richter, and Guanrong Chen, 145–161. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Drama Education: The Journal of Applied Theatre and Performance.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “The Robots Are Coming For Your Job! Why Digital Literacy Is So Important For The Jobs Of The Future.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Space Shuttle: Follow-up Evaluation of NASA’s Solid Rocket Motor Procurement. NSIAD-89-89. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gu, Jinwei. 2010. “Measurement, Modeling, and Synthesis of Time-Varying Appearance of Natural Phenomena.” Doctoral dissertation, New York, NY: Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George, Nelson. 2012. “A Soul Fable, Reimagined For a New Era.” New York Times, August 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Farrar 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Farrar 2002; Kereszt and Kondorosi 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kereszt and Kondorosi 2011)
  • Three authors: (Manabe, Barrett, and Isaji 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Chao et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Drama Education: The Journal of Applied Theatre and Performance
AbbreviationRes. Drama Educ.
ISSN (print)1356-9783
ISSN (online)1470-112X
ScopeLiterature and Literary Theory
Visual Arts and Performing Arts

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