How to format your references using the Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bassham, D.C., 2015. Plant biology: Pigments on the move. Nature 526, 644–645.
A journal article with 2 authors
Feld, G.B., Born, J., 2015. Neuroscience. Exploiting sleep to modify bad attitudes. Science 348, 971–972.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, C.-Y.T., Poo, M.-M., Dan, Y., 2009. Burst spiking of a single cortical neuron modifies global brain state. Science 324, 643–646.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hidalgo Carcedo, C., Bonazzi, M., Spanò, S., Turacchio, G., Colanzi, A., Luini, A., Corda, D., 2004. Mitotic Golgi partitioning is driven by the membrane-fissioning protein CtBP3/BARS. Science 305, 93–96.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schiek, B., Rolfes, I., Siweris, H.-J., 2005. Noise in High-Frequency Circuits and Oscillators. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Broad, J., Green, K. (Eds.), 2007. Virtue, Liberty, and Toleration: Political Ideas of European Women, 1400–1800, The New Synthese Historical Library. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Catanese, F., 2015. Topological methods in algebraic geometry, in: Zannier, U. (Ed.), Colloquium De Giorgi 2013 and 2014. Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, pp. 37–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Scientists Plan On Resurrecting A 30,000-Year-Old Giant Virus [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Aviation Security: Federal Coordination for Responding to In-flight Security Threats Has Matured, but Procedures Can Be Strengthened (No. GAO-07-891R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dunn, D.N., 2015. Non-Athlete Students’ Attitudes toward Student-Athletes: A Social Identity Approach (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. Hounds of Love. New York Times C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bassham, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bassham, 2015; Feld and Born, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Feld and Born, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Hidalgo Carcedo et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleReproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
AbbreviationReprod. Biomed. Soc. Online
ISSN (print)2405-6618

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