How to format your references using the Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bromm, V., 2012. Astronomy. Embers of the distant past. Science 338, 1160–1161.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sosnick, T.R., Hinshaw, J.R., 2011. Biochemistry. How proteins fold. Science 334, 464–465.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hoeppner, D.J., Hengartner, M.O., Schnabel, R., 2001. Engulfment genes cooperate with ced-3 to promote cell death in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature 412, 202–206.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hochberg, G.K.A., Shepherd, D.A., Marklund, E.G., Santhanagoplan, I., Degiacomi, M.T., Laganowsky, A., Allison, T.M., Basha, E., Marty, M.T., Galpin, M.R., Struwe, W.B., Baldwin, A.J., Vierling, E., Benesch, J.L.P., 2018. Structural principles that enable oligomeric small heat-shock protein paralogs to evolve distinct functions. Science 359, 930–935.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chappell, D., 2014. The JCT Standard Building Contract 2011. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.
An edited book
Teixeira, P.N., Dill, D.D. (Eds.), 2011. Public Vices, Private Virtues?: Assessing the Effects of Marketization in Higher Education, Issues in Higher Education. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Quay, J., Seaman, J., 2013. Moving Past the Confusion, in: Quay, J., Seaman, J. (Eds.), John Dewey and Education Outdoors: Making Sense of the ‘Educational Situation’ through More than a Century of Progressive Reforms. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 61–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Scientists Erase Memories With Light [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Export Controls: NASA Management Action and Improved Oversight Needed to Reduce the Risk of Unauthorized Access to Its Technologies (No. GAO-14-315). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson, E., 2017. Predicting Home Purchase Location in DC: An Intersectional Approach (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M., 2017. Amy Schumer to Make Her Broadway Debut. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bromm, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Bromm, 2012; Sosnick and Hinshaw, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sosnick and Hinshaw, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Hochberg et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleReproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
AbbreviationReprod. Biomed. Soc. Online
ISSN (print)2405-6618

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