How to format your references using the Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gingerich, O., 2000. Tycho and the ton of gold. Nature 403, 251.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yelenik, S.G., D’Antonio, C.M., 2013. Self-reinforcing impacts of plant invasions change over time. Nature 503, 517–520.
A journal article with 3 authors
Toyoshima, C., Nomura, H., Tsuda, T., 2004. Lumenal gating mechanism revealed in calcium pump crystal structures with phosphate analogues. Nature 432, 361–368.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, S.L., Liu, Y., Collins-McIntyre, L.J., Hesjedal, T., Zhang, J.Y., Wang, S.G., Yu, G.H., 2013. Extraordinary hall balance. Sci. Rep. 3, 2087.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maloberti, F., 2011. Understanding Microelectronics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom.
An edited book
Lachapelle, J.-M., 2012. Patch Testing and Prick Testing: A Practical Guide Official Publication of the ICDRG, 3rd ed. 2012. ed. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Eyerer, P., Gettwert, V., Kauffman, A., Kroh, M., 2010. Processing (Primary Forming) of Plastics into Structural Components, in: Eyerer, P. (Ed.), Polymers - Opportunities and Risks I: General and Environmental Aspects, The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 167–286.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Dehorning Rhinos: Why There May Be A Case For Doing It [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Federal Research: Determination of the Best Qualified Sites for DOE’s Super Collider (No. RCED-89-18). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Witt, S.R., 2017. A Study of the Relationship of Online Course Factors and Passing or Failing an Online Course (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2017. Reaching No.1 On the Billboard Charts. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Service, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Johnson, 2009; Lenski, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yelenik and D’Antonio, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Dausmann et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleReproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
AbbreviationReprod. Biomed. Soc. Online
ISSN (print)2405-6618

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