How to format your references using the Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chast, F., 2006. Obituary: Pierre Potier (1934-2006). Nature 440, 291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kraemer, J.D., Gostin, L.O., 2012. Public Health and biosecurity. The limits of government regulation of science. Science 335, 1047–1049.
A journal article with 3 authors
Salvadori, M.R., Nascimento, C.A.O., Corrêa, B., 2014. Nickel oxide nanoparticles film produced by dead biomass of filamentous fungus. Sci. Rep. 4, 6404.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Greilich, A., Yakovlev, D.R., Shabaev, A., Efros, A.L., Yugova, I.A., Oulton, R., Stavarache, V., Reuter, D., Wieck, A., Bayer, M., 2006. Mode locking of electron spin coherences in singly charged quantum dots. Science 313, 341–345.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Padova, T., Murdock, K.L., 2010. Adobe® Creative Suite® 5 Bible. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA.
An edited book
Ruggeri, B., 2015. BioH2 & BioCH4 Through Anaerobic Digestion: From Research to Full-scale Applications, Green Energy and Technology. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
De Cecco, C.N., Wichmann, J.L., Muscogiuri, G., Hardie, A., Laghi, A., 2015. Dual Energy CT in Liver Tumors, in: De Cecco, C.N., Laghi, A., Schoepf, U.J., Meinel, F.G. (Eds.), Dual Energy CT in Oncology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 59–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Ghost Ship Washes Up On Liberian Coast With Crew Missing [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Aviation Safety: FAA’s Efforts to Implement Recommendations to Improve Certification and Regulatory Consistency Face Some Challenges (No. GAO-14-728T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Howard, A.G., 2009. Large margin transformation learning (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2001. Challenging Coffee in Manhattan, and Taking a Lump or 2. New York Times 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chast, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Chast, 2006; Kraemer and Gostin, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kraemer and Gostin, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Greilich et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleReproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
AbbreviationReprod. Biomed. Soc. Online
ISSN (print)2405-6618

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