How to format your references using the Renewables: Wind, Water, and Solar citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Renewables: Wind, Water, and Solar. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brumfiel, G. (2003). Gravity experiment sparks spat between physicists. Nature, 421(6920), 198.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stott, P. A., & Kettleborough, J. A. (2002). Origins and estimates of uncertainty in predictions of twenty-first century temperature rise. Nature, 416(6882), 723–726.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hovenden, M. J., Newton, P. C. D., & Wills, K. E. (2014). Seasonal not annual rainfall determines grassland biomass response to carbon dioxide. Nature, 511(7511), 583–586.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lemmers, R. J. L. F., van der Vliet, P. J., Klooster, R., Sacconi, S., Camaño, P., Dauwerse, J. G., et al. (2010). A unifying genetic model for facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5999), 1650–1653.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cunningham, V. (2011). Victorian Poetry Now. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Cheong, O., Chwa, K.-Y., & Park, K. (Eds.). (2010). Algorithms and Computation: 21st International Symposium, ISAAC 2010, Jeju Island, Korea, December 15-17, 2010, Proceedings, Part I (Vol. 6506). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Catena, di L. M. (2011). Biografie. In I. Davoli (Ed.), Oltre i materiali. La scienza tra le nostre dita: Quaranta storie di lavoro e formazione (pp. 35–204). Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Renewables: Wind, Water, and Solar.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 8). Fluorescent Proteins Light Up Science By Making The Invisible Visible. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Information Technology: Challenges Remain for VA’s Sharing of Electronic Health Records with DOD (No. GAO-09-427T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Steiner, C. P. (2015). Three essays in applied microeconomics (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2016, June 4). The City of Lights, When It Was First Lighted. New York Times, p. CT8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brumfiel 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Brumfiel 2003; Stott and Kettleborough 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stott and Kettleborough 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Lemmers et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleRenewables: Wind, Water, and Solar
ISSN (online)2198-994X

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