How to format your references using the Renewables: Wind, Water, and Solar citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Renewables: Wind, Water, and Solar. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Reilly, T. (2011). Steve Jobs (1955-2011). Nature, 479(7371), 42.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pasupathy, A., & Miller, E. K. (2005). Different time courses of learning-related activity in the prefrontal cortex and striatum. Nature, 433(7028), 873–876.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arantes-Oliveira, N., Berman, J. R., & Kenyon, C. (2003). Healthy animals with extreme longevity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5645), 611.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kim, J. B., Porreca, G. J., Song, L., Greenway, S. C., Gorham, J. M., Church, G. M., et al. (2007). Polony multiplex analysis of gene expression (PMAGE) in mouse hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5830), 1481–1484.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lewis, R. J., Sr. (2008). Hazardous Chemicals Desk Reference, Sixth Edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Uzan, J.-P. (2008). The Natural Laws of the Universe: Understanding Fundamental Constants. (B. Leclercq, Ed.). New York, NY: Praxis.
A chapter in an edited book
Lenz, R., Zografos, V., & Solli, M. (2013). Dihedral Color Filtering. In C. Fernandez-Maloigne (Ed.), Advanced Color Image Processing and Analysis (pp. 119–145). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Renewables: Wind, Water, and Solar.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 27). Every World In A Grain Of Sand: John Nash’s Astonishing Geometry. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Airport and Airway Trust Fund: Preliminary Observations on Past, Present, and Future (No. GAO-05-657T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bell, J. (2015). A phenomenological study of African American GS-13 to GS-15 managers within the federal government (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, M. E. (2014, January 5). Heal Thyself. New York Times, p. BR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (O’Reilly 2011).
This sentence cites two references (O’Reilly 2011; Pasupathy and Miller 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pasupathy and Miller 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleRenewables: Wind, Water, and Solar
ISSN (online)2198-994X

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