How to format your references using the Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leonhardt, U., 2011. To invisibility and beyond. Nature 471, 292–293.
A journal article with 2 authors
Luo, C., Ecker, J.R., 2015. Epigenetics. Exceptional epigenetics in the brain. Science 348, 1094–1095.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bauer, P., Thorpe, A., Brunet, G., 2015. The quiet revolution of numerical weather prediction. Nature 525, 47–55.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hearn, E.M., Patel, D.R., Lepore, B.W., Indic, M., van den Berg, B., 2009. Transmembrane passage of hydrophobic compounds through a protein channel wall. Nature 458, 367–370.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ohshima, H., 2010. Biophysical Chemistry of Biointerfaces. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kilpatrick, B., Kobel, P., Këllezi, P. (Eds.), 2016. Compatibility of Transactional Resolutions of Antitrust Proceedings with Due Process and Fundamental Rights & Online Exhaustion of IP Rights, LIDC Contributions on Antitrust Law, Intellectual Property and Unfair Competition. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Sergeyev, Y.D., Strongin, R.G., Lera, D., 2013. Ideas for Acceleration, in: Strongin, R.G., Lera, D. (Eds.), Introduction to Global Optimization Exploiting Space-Filling Curves, SpringerBriefs in Optimization. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 91–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. DNA Survives Re-Entry Into Earth’s Atmosphere [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. Status of the Marine Corps Integrated Fire and Air Support System (No. NSIAD-86-111FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nattress, D.A., 2013. Benefits of single-gender education: Perceptions of middle grade teachers (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2001. Distance Learning: RussiaIs Reaching Out. New York Times 4A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Leonhardt, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Leonhardt, 2011; Luo and Ecker, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Luo and Ecker, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Hearn et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleRemote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment
AbbreviationRemote Sens. Appl. Soc. Environ.
ISSN (print)2352-9385

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