How to format your references using the Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Madariaga, R., 2007. Geophysics. Slippery when hot. Science 316, 842–843.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lister, A.M., Sher, A.V., 2001. The origin and evolution of the woolly mammoth. Science 294, 1094–1097.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shen, H.Z., Wang, W., Yi, X.X., 2014. Hall conductance and topological invariant for open systems. Sci. Rep. 4, 6455.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, H.-C., Hsieh, F.-J., Chen, C.-P., Chang, M.-Y., Hsieh, P.C.H., Chen, C.-C., Hung, S.-U., Wu, C.-C., Chang, H.-C., 2013. The hemocompatibility of oxidized diamond nanocrystals for biomedical applications. Sci. Rep. 3, 3044.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Torres-Moreno, J.-M., 2014. Automatic Text Summarization. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cizek, P., Härdle, W.K., Weron, R. (Eds.), 2011. Statistical Tools for Finance and Insurance. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kaushik, B.K., Majumder, M.K., 2015. Crosstalk and Delay Analysis, in: Majumder, M.K. (Ed.), Carbon Nanotube Based VLSI Interconnects: Analysis and Design, SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Springer India, New Delhi, pp. 57–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Populations Of World’s Rarest Big Cat Rebound [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1983. Cost Recovery Practices Inconsistent With Government Policy (No. GGD-83-61). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Whitesides, V.J., 2017. The Large Ensemble/European Classical Music Paradigm and African American-Originated Dance-Musicking: A Dispositival Analysis of U.S. Secondary Music Education (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2012. Previous Success for Witness in Mets Case. New York Times B18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Madariaga, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Lister and Sher, 2001; Madariaga, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lister and Sher, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleRemote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment
AbbreviationRemote Sens. Appl. Soc. Environ.
ISSN (print)2352-9385

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