How to format your references using the Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clayton, J., 2012. Clinical approval: Trials of an anticancer jab. Nature 488, S4-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Paterson, W.S., Reeh, N., 2001. Thinning of the ice sheet in northwest Greenland over the past forty years. Nature 414, 60–62.
A journal article with 3 authors
Naeem, S., Duffy, J.E., Zavaleta, E., 2012. The functions of biological diversity in an age of extinction. Science 336, 1401–1406.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dial, O.E., Ashoori, R.C., Pfeiffer, L.N., West, K.W., 2007. High-resolution spectroscopy of two-dimensional electron systems. Nature 448, 176–179.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bécherrawy, T., 2012. Mechanical and Electromagnetic Vibrations and Waves. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Harik, R., Rivest, L., Bernard, A., Eynard, B., Bouras, A. (Eds.), 2016. Product Lifecycle Management for Digital Transformation of Industries: 13th IFIP WG 5.1 International Conference, PLM 2016, Columbia, SC, USA, July 11-13, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Laney, D.C., Maggio, G.M., 2006. Ultra-Wideband Communications Using Pseudo-Chaotic Time Hopping, in: Larson, L.E., Tsimring, L.S., Liu, J.-M. (Eds.), Digital Communications Using Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics, Institute for Nonlinear Science. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 91–132.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Stunning Satellite Images Reveal The Story Of Earth’s Surface Water [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. International Space Station: Approaches for Ensuring Utilization through 2020 Are Reasonable but Should Be Revisited as NASA Gains More Knowledge of On-Orbit Performance (No. GAO-12-162). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jo, S.M., 2009. A study of Korean students’ creativity in science using structural equation modeling (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kinsley, M., 2017. Paid Leave Counts as Progress. New York Times SR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clayton, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Clayton, 2012; Paterson and Reeh, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Paterson and Reeh, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Dial et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleRemote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment
AbbreviationRemote Sens. Appl. Soc. Environ.
ISSN (print)2352-9385

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