How to format your references using the Recent Patents on Drug Delivery & Formulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Recent Patents on Drug Delivery & Formulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Binzel RP. PLANETARY SCIENCE: Asteroids Come of Age. Science, 2000,289,2065–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maslin MA;Burns SJ. Reconstruction of the Amazon Basin effective moisture availability over the past 14,000 years. Science, 2000,290,2285–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fan HC;Fu GK;Fodor SPA. Expression profiling. Combinatorial labeling of single cells for gene expression cytometry. Science, 2015,347,1258367.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Keenlyside NS;Latif M;Jungclaus J;Kornblueh L;Roeckner E. Advancing decadal-scale climate prediction in the North Atlantic sector. Nature, 2008,453,84–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bleistein S. Rapid Organizational Change. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Robertson MM, editor. Ergonomics and Health Aspects of Work with Computers: International Conference, EHAWC 2011, Held as Part of HCI International 2011, Orlando, FL, USA, July 9-14, 2011. Proceedings. vol. 6779. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Sanfilippo JS;Schwarz R. Lesbian Patients. In: Smith RP, editor. Primary Care in Obstetrics and Gynecology: A Handbook for Clinicians, New York, NY: Springer; 2007, p. 75–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Recent Patents on Drug Delivery & Formulation.

Blog post
Davis J. Voluntary Agreement From Cattle Industry Fights Deforestation. Available at: AccessedOctober 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Report of Withholding of Budget Authority Provided for Grants for the Education of Immigrant Children. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oppenheim JN. Examination of Oncology Summer Camp Attendance, Psychosocial Adjustment, and Perceived Social Support Among Pediatric Cancer Patients and Siblings. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E. PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times, 1993,1315.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRecent Patents on Drug Delivery & Formulation
AbbreviationRecent Pat. Drug Deliv. Formul.
ISSN (print)1872-2113
ISSN (online)2212-4039
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
General Medicine
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles