How to format your references using the Recent Patents on Drug Delivery & Formulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Recent Patents on Drug Delivery & Formulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hilton D. Practical policies can combat gender inequality. Nature, 2015,523,7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shlomai A;Rice CM. Virology. Getting rid of a persistent troublemaker to cure hepatitis. Science, 2014,343,1212–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Blüher M;Kahn BB;Kahn CR. Extended longevity in mice lacking the insulin receptor in adipose tissue. Science, 2003,299,572–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schoepp-Cothenet B;Duval S;Santini JM;Nitschke W. Comment on “Arsenic (III) fuels anoxygenic photosynthesis in hot spring biofilms from Mono Lake, California.” Science, 2009,323,583; author reply 583.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shick PL. Topology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
Kambayashi N, editor. Japanese Management in Change: The Impact of Globalization and Market Principles. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Salamon KS;Schwartz LA;Barakat LP. Resilience in Pediatric Sickle Cell Disease and Cancer: Social Ecology Indicators of Health-Related Quality of Life. In: DeMichelis C, Ferrari M, editors. Child and Adolescent Resilience Within Medical Contexts: Integrating Research and Practice, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 77–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Recent Patents on Drug Delivery & Formulation.

Blog post
Andrews R. Paris Agreement Will Add $19 Trillion To World Economy If America Sticks With It. Available at: AccessedOctober 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Information Concerning Equipment Outages at Two Kansas City Area Facilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dickson B. Yielding architecture: A manifesto for [urban + agri]culture. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. On the West Side, Who Will Pay to Make Room for Green? New York Times, 2000,1410.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRecent Patents on Drug Delivery & Formulation
AbbreviationRecent Pat. Drug Deliv. Formul.
ISSN (print)1872-2113
ISSN (online)2212-4039
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
General Medicine
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles