How to format your references using the Recent Patents on Drug Delivery & Formulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Recent Patents on Drug Delivery & Formulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin V. Making it in the biotech business. Nature, 2005,435,124–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Istvan ES;Deisenhofer J. Structural mechanism for statin inhibition of HMG-CoA reductase. Science, 2001,292,1160–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rawson PD;Yund PO;Lindsay SM. Comment on “Divergent induced responses to an invasive predator in marine mussel populations.” Science, 2007,316,53; author reply 53.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chihara N;Madi A;Kondo T;Zhang H;Acharya N;Singer M;et al. Induction and transcriptional regulation of the co-inhibitory gene module in T cells. Nature, 2018,558,454–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cicek V. Corrosion Engineering and Cathodic Protection Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
François D. Mechanical Behaviour of Materials: Volume 1: Micro- and Macroscopic Constitutive Behaviour. vol. 180. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Malinowska AB;Torres DFM. Conclusion. In: Torres DFM, editor. Quantum Variational Calculus, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 79–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Recent Patents on Drug Delivery & Formulation.

Blog post
Andrews R. How Will British Science Be Affected If The UK Votes To Leave The EU? Available at: AccessedOctober 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Drug Education: Limited Progress in Program Evaluation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cho Y. Chinese restaurant business and Taiwanese pentecostalism in Southern California. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman W. Colombia Close to a Peace Accord With Rebels. New York Times, 2015,A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRecent Patents on Drug Delivery & Formulation
AbbreviationRecent Pat. Drug Deliv. Formul.
ISSN (print)1872-2113
ISSN (online)2212-4039
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
General Medicine
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles