How to format your references using the Rangeland Ecology & Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rangeland Ecology & Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
King, M.-C., 2014. “The race” to clone BRCA1. Science 343, 1462–1465.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roorda, S., Lewis, L.J., 2012. Comment on “The local structure of amorphous silicon.” Science 338, 1539; author reply 1539.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bryk, R., Griffin, P., Nathan, C., 2000. Peroxynitrite reductase activity of bacterial peroxiredoxins. Nature 407, 211–215.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yoo, C.-H., Yeom, J.-H., Heo, J.-J., Song, E.-K., Lee, S.-I., Han, M.-K., 2014. Interferon β protects against lethal endotoxic and septic shock through SIRT1 upregulation. Sci. Rep. 4, 4220.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barron, E.N., 2013. Game Theory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chaudhuri, K., Gentile, C., Zilles, S. (Eds.), 2015. Algorithmic Learning Theory: 26th International Conference, ALT 2015, Banff, AB, Canada, October 4-6, 2015, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Mange, D., Stauffer, A., Tempesti, G., Vannel, F., Badertscher, A., 2006. Bio-Inspired Computing Machines with Artificial Division and Differentiation, in: Higuchi, T., Liu, Y., Yao, X. (Eds.), Evolvable Hardware, Genetic and Evolutionary Computation. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 85–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rangeland Ecology & Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Do 3D Films Make you Dizzy – or is it Just Your Imagination? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Early Childhood Programs: Characteristics Affect the Availability of School Readiness Information (No. HEHS-00-38). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ghafoori, E., 2014. Wavelet transform and neural network (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., 2017. Two Blasts Kill Dozens Near Shrines in Damascus. New York Times A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (King, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (King, 2014; Roorda and Lewis, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roorda and Lewis, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Yoo et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleRangeland Ecology & Management
AbbreviationRangeland Ecol. Manage.
ISSN (print)1550-7424
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Nature and Landscape Conservation

Other styles