How to format your references using the Rangeland Ecology & Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rangeland Ecology & Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sawyers, C.L., 2013. Perspective: combined forces. Nature 498, S7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carlsson, F., Brown, E.J., 2009. Cell biology. The art of making an exit. Science 323, 1678–1679.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lamas-Linares, A., Howell, J.C., Bouwmeester, D., 2001. Stimulated emission of polarization-entangled photons. Nature 412, 887–890.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lum, L., Yao, S., Mozer, B., Rovescalli, A., Von Kessler, D., Nirenberg, M., Beachy, P.A., 2003. Identification of Hedgehog pathway components by RNAi in Drosophila cultured cells. Science 299, 2039–2045.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khan, R.M., 2013. Problem Solving and Data Analysis using Minitab. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Gaspar-Cunha, A., Henggeler Antunes, C., Coello, C.C. (Eds.), 2015. Evolutionary Multi-Criterion Optimization: 8th International Conference, EMO 2015, Guimarães, Portugal, March 29 --April 1, 2015. Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Fippel, M., 2011. Monte Carlo Treatment Planning, in: De Salles, A.A.F., Gorgulho, A., Agazaryan, N., Slotman, B., Selch, M., Burwick, A.J., Schulz, R. (Eds.), Shaped Beam Radiosurgery: State of the Art. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 47–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rangeland Ecology & Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. New Observations Confirm Organic Molecules In The Atmospheres Of Comets [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Review of FAA’s Collegiate Training Initiative as Mandated in the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (No. GAO-12-996R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Perez, V., 2010. Overrepresentation of American Indian youth in foster care: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J., Kitsantonis, N., 2017. Eurozone Agrees to Greece Debt Talks in Exchange for Bailout Payments. New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sawyers, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Carlsson and Brown, 2009; Sawyers, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carlsson and Brown, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Lum et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleRangeland Ecology & Management
AbbreviationRangeland Ecol. Manage.
ISSN (print)1550-7424
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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