How to format your references using the Rangeland Ecology & Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rangeland Ecology & Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gaffney, O., 2014. Quiet green revolution starts to make some noise. Nature 505, 587.
A journal article with 2 authors
Karim, S.S.A., Karim, Q.A., 2010. AIDS research must link to local policy. Nature 463, 733–734.
A journal article with 3 authors
Levison, H.F., Kretke, K.A., Duncan, M.J., 2015. Growing the gas-giant planets by the gradual accumulation of pebbles. Nature 524, 322–324.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
van Beek, J.D., Beaulieu, L., Schäfer, H., Demura, M., Asakura, T., Meier, B.H., 2000. Solid-state NMR determination of the secondary structure of Samia cynthia ricini silk. Nature 405, 1077–1079.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lehto, J., Hou, X., 2010. Chemistry and Analysis of Radionuclides. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Aggarwal, B.B., Surh, Y.-J., Shishodia, S. (Eds.), 2007. The Molecular Targets and Therapeutic Uses of Curcumin in Health and Disease, ADVANCES IN EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Napier, J., Riazi, M., Jacenyik-Trawoger, C., 2014. Leadership: A Cultural Perspective on Review as Quality Assurance Versus Quality Enhancement, in: Sachs, J., Parsell, M. (Eds.), Peer Review of Learning and Teaching in Higher Education: International Perspectives. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 53–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rangeland Ecology & Management.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. Stunning New “Farewell To Pluto” Image Reminds Us How Awesome This World Is [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Air Traffic Control: FAA’s Transition of Communications System to Digital Technology (No. IMTEC-91-77FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sugg, J., 2012. Small Graces: Mapping a Route of Beauty to the Heart of the World (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vlasic, B., 2013. Federal Judge Halts Legal Challenges in Detroit Bankruptcy Case. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gaffney, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gaffney, 2014; Karim and Karim, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karim and Karim, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (van Beek et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleRangeland Ecology & Management
AbbreviationRangeland Ecol. Manage.
ISSN (print)1550-7424
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Nature and Landscape Conservation

Other styles