How to format your references using the R&D Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for R&D Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kawamura, Y. (2014) Phase synchronization between collective rhythms of fully locked oscillator groups. Scientific reports, 4, 4832
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, G.X., Poo, M.-M. (2005) Requirement of TRPC channels in netrin-1-induced chemotropic turning of nerve growth cones. Nature, 434, 898–904
A journal article with 3 authors
Prajeesh, A.G., Ashok, K., Rao, D.V.B. (2013) Falling monsoon depression frequency: a Gray-Sikka conditions perspective. Scientific reports, 3, 2989
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Torres-Rosell, J., De Piccoli, G., Cordon-Preciado, V., Farmer, S., Jarmuz, A., Machin, F., Pasero, P., Lisby, M., Haber, J.E., Aragón, L. (2007) Anaphase onset before complete DNA replication with intact checkpoint responses. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315, 1411–1415

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li, W. (2004) Risk Assessment of Power Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mozaffarieh, M. (2009) Ocular Blood Flow and Glaucomatous Optic Neuropathy. Flammer, J. (ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
de Freitas, C.R., Perry, M. (2012) Principles and Indicators. In: Perry, M. (ed.), New Environmentalism: Managing New Zealand’s Environmental Diversity. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands: pp. 105–132.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for R&D Management.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2014. Make Your Own Droplet Microscope Lens for a PennyIFLScience. 30 Oct. 2018. Available at:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Goals 2000: Flexible Funding Supports State and Local Education Reform (1998, Washington, DC). 1998. Ed. Government Accountability Office. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crozier, C.F. 2012. A qualitative study of teacher job satisfaction in an evolutionary and mandated change environment. Doctoral dissertation. Phoenix, AZ, University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. 2012. I.O.C. Rejects ’72 Remembrance. New York Times, s.l., May. 18:B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kawamura, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Wang and Poo, 2005; Kawamura, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Poo, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Torres-Rosell et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleR&D Management
ISSN (print)0033-6807
ISSN (online)1467-9310
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Business and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management

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