How to format your references using the R&D Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for R&D Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wunsch, C. (2002) Oceanography. What is the thermohaline circulation? Science (New York, N.Y.), 298, 1179–1181.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bergman, R., Swenson, J. (2000) Dynamics of supercooled water in confined geometry. Nature, 403, 283–286.
A journal article with 3 authors
Matsushita, T., Mochizuki, N., Nagatani, A. (2003) Dimers of the N-terminal domain of phytochrome B are functional in the nucleus. Nature, 424, 571–574.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Krzemień, J., Dubois, L., Makki, R., Meister, M., Vincent, A., Crozatier, M. (2007) Control of blood cell homeostasis in Drosophila larvae by the posterior signalling centre. Nature, 446, 325–328.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
German Geotechnical Society. (2013). Recommendations on Excavations EAB. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Freire, J., Koop, D., Moreau, L. eds. (2008). Provenance and Annotation of Data and Processes: Second International Provenance and Annotation Workshop, IPAW 2008, Salt Lake City, UT, USA, June 17-18, 2008. Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer: v.5272: (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).
A chapter in an edited book
Fleige, A. (2007) A Necessary Aspect of the Generalized Beals Condition for the Riesz Basis Property of Indefinite Sturm-Liouville Problems In Operator Theory in Inner Product Spaces Basel: Birkhäuser: pp. 89–94: (Operator Theory: Advances and Applications).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for R&D Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. Science Goals For UK Lunar Mission Outlined. IFLScience. Consultado 30 Oct. 2018. Disponible en (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Financial Management Systems: HHS Faces Many Challenges in Implementing Its Unified Financial Management System (2004, Washington, DC). 2004. Ed. Government Accountability Office. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Downey, S.S. 2009. Resilient networks and and the historical ecology of Q’eqchi’ Maya swidden agriculture. Doctoral dissertation. Tucson, AZ, University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. 1993. The New White House Refrain: Please Hang Up and Dial Again. New York Times, s.l., Jan. 29:A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wunsch, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Bergman and Swenson, 2000; Wunsch, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bergman and Swenson, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Krzemień et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleR&D Management
ISSN (print)0033-6807
ISSN (online)1467-9310
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Business and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management

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