How to format your references using the R&D Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for R&D Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
John, S. (2009) Photonics: Light control at will. Nature, 460, 337
A journal article with 2 authors
Wynia, M.K., Gostin, L. (2002) Medicine. The bioterrorist threat and access to health care. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296, 1613
A journal article with 3 authors
Serabyn, E., Mawet, D., Burruss, R. (2010) An image of an exoplanet separated by two diffraction beamwidths from a star. Nature, 464, 1018–1020
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zachos, J.C., Arthur, M.A., Bralower, T.J., Spero, H.J. (2002) Palaeoclimatology: tropical temperatures in greenhouse episodes. Nature, 419, 897–8; discussion 898

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonneau, D., Fatu, A., Souchet, D. (2014) Thermo-Hydrodynamic Lubrication in Hydrodynamic Bearings. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Eriksson-Backa, K., Luoma, A., Krook, E. eds. (2012) Exploring the Abyss of Inequalities: 4th International Conference on Well-Being in the Information Society, WIS 2012, Turku, Finland, August 22-24, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer: v.313: (Communications in Computer and Information Science).
A chapter in an edited book
Noguera, C., Duchien, L. (2008) Annotation Framework Validation Using Domain Models. In: Schieferdecker, I., and Hartman, A. (eds.), Model Driven Architecture – Foundations and Applications: 4th European Conference, ECMDA-FA 2008, Berlin, Germany, June 9-13, 2008. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer: pp. 48–62: (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for R&D Management.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2017. Direct Genetic Link Found Between Indigenous East Asian Group And Stone Age AncestorsIFLScience. 30 Oct. 2018. Available at:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Key Controls NASA Employs to Guide Use and Management of Funded Space Act Agreements Are Generally Sufficient, but Some Could Be Strengthened and Clarified (2011, Washington, DC). 2011. Ed. Government Accountability Office. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heatlie, J.M. 2015. Effects of Simulation on Senior Nursing Students’ Patient Safety Competence: A Quantitative Study. Doctoral dissertation. Scottsdale, AZ, Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. 2017. No. 1 Ranking in Hand, Pliskova Aims for a Major Title. New York Times, s.l., Aug. 8:B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (John, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Wynia and Gostin, 2002; John, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wynia and Gostin, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Zachos et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleR&D Management
ISSN (print)0033-6807
ISSN (online)1467-9310
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Business and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management

Other styles