How to format your references using the RAI Revista de Administração e Inovação citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for RAI Revista de Administração e Inovação. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Premack, D. (2004). Psychology. Is language the key to human intelligence? Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5656), 318–320.
A journal article with 2 authors
Davis, S. J., & Shearer, C. (2014). Climate change: A crack in the natural-gas bridge. Nature, 514(7523), 436–437.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pocock, M. J. O., Evans, D. M., & Memmott, J. (2012). The robustness and restoration of a network of ecological networks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6071), 973–977.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sahai, R., Morris, M., Knapp, G. R., Young, K., & Barnbaum, C. (2003). A collimated, high-speed outflow from the dying star V Hydrae. Nature, 426(6964), 261–264.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Al-Shuhail, A. A., Al-Dossary, S. A., & Mousa, W. A. (2017). Seismic Data Interpretation using Digital Image Processing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Popescu, E., Li, Q., Klamma, R., Leung, H., & Specht, M. (Eds.). (2012). Advances in Web-Based Learning - ICWL 2012: 11th International Conference, Sinaia, Romania, September 2-4, 2012. Proceedings (Vol. 7558). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bouziane, M. M., Bouiadjra, B. A. B., Benseddiq, N., Tabeti, E. M. H., Serier, B., & Benbarek, S. (2013). The Effects of Cracks Emanating from Micro-Void and Bone Inclusion in Cemented Total Hip Replacement. In A. Ochsner & H. Altenbach (Eds.), Advances in Bio-Mechanical Systems and Materials (pp. 41–57). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for RAI Revista de Administração e Inovação.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, July 19). Burst of Innovation Found in Jurassic Mammals. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Highway And Transit Investments: Options for Improving Information on Projects’ Benefits and Costs and Increasing Accountability for Results (No. GAO-05-172). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cho, Y. (2013). Chinese restaurant business and Taiwanese pentecostalism in Southern California (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Photographs by GEORGE ETHEREDGE for THE NEW YORK TIMES. (2017, April 28). Voyeur: Construction Portholes. New York Times, p. RE8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Premack, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Davis & Shearer, 2014; Premack, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Davis & Shearer, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Pocock, Evans, & Memmott, 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sahai, Morris, Knapp, Young, & Barnbaum, 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleRAI Revista de Administração e Inovação
ISSN (print)1809-2039

Other styles